Paleodiversity of Late Cretaceous Ankylosauria from Mexico and their phylogenetic significance

Abstract

Isolated bones and osteoderms of ankylosaurian dinosaurs recovered from Late Cretaceous sediments of northern Coahuila, northeastern Mexico, have been identified as remains of nodosaurids. Here, we summarize these discoveries and provide a review on Mexican Ankylosauria from a taxonomic perspective. We also present a new taxon, Acantholipan gonzalezi gen. et sp. nov. from the Pen Formation and provide a phylogenetic analysis integrating the new taxon. A. gonzalezi is the first named ankylosaur from Mexico that adds to the currently rare nodosaurid diversity from southern Laramidia.

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After: Carpenter et al. (1995), Han et al. (2014); Russell (1940)

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Abbreviations

AMNH:

American Museum of Natural History, New York

CEUM:

College of Eastern Utah Prehistoric Museum, Price

CPC:

Colección Paleontológica de Coahuila, Museo del Desierto, Saltillo

FHSM VP:

Sternberg Museum of Natural History, Hays

INAH:

Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Mexico

IVPP:

Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Beijing

MTM:

Magyar Természettudományi Múzeum, Budapest

MUDE:

Museo del Desierto, Saltillo

ROM:

Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto

UMNH:

Utah Museum of Natural History, Salt Lake City

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Acknowledgements

We wish to thank the following friends and colleagues for their participation in the project: Lucía Alfaro Ortíz, Fernando Cabral Valdéz, Iván Alexander de León Aguirre (Gosta’n Koh), Héctor Munive Villalobos, Jorge Ortíz Mendieta, and Tatiana Sánchez Rodríguez. We are grateful to the Museo del Desierto in Saltillo, Mexico, and its chairman Arturo González for supporting this investigation. We thank The Willi Hennig Society made TNT freely available. Kenneth Carpenter and Xavier Pereda Suberbiola are acknowledged for their helpful comments on an earlier version of this paper. We thank José Ignacio Ruíz-Omeñaca (MUJA) and Tim Tokaryk (RSM) for their insightful comments on this paper. We want to give special recognition to Jay Nair (UQ) for the time and expertise he devoted to the improvement of this work and for his patience and help at all times, as well as to Daniel Marty, editor of the Swiss Journal of Palaeontology for providing us with editorial assistance when required. The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) covered travel and fieldwork expenses for EF (FR1314/19) and WS (STI128/24 and STI128/30). The digital photographs were treated by Volker Griener, Karlsruhe.

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Correspondence to Héctor E. Rivera-Sylva.

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Rivera-Sylva, H.E., Frey, E., Stinnesbeck, W. et al. Paleodiversity of Late Cretaceous Ankylosauria from Mexico and their phylogenetic significance. Swiss J Palaeontol 137, 83–93 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13358-018-0153-1

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Keywords

  • Dinosaur
  • Nodosauridae
  • Pen Formation
  • Mexico
  • Endemism
  • Laramidia