Applied Entomology and Zoology

, Volume 51, Issue 4, pp 661–667 | Cite as

Surveys of the ant faunas at ports of Tokyo Bay and the Ogasawara Islands

  • Yoshiko Sakamoto
  • Hideaki Mori
  • Hitoshi Ohnishi
  • Hitoshi Imai
  • Toshio Kishimoto
  • Mitsuhiko Toda
  • Shigeki Kishi
  • Koichi Goka
Original Research Paper

Abstract

Species native to oceanic islands are highly sensitive to the ecological impacts of invasive alien species, especially ants. The Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands are located approximately 1000 km south of mainland Japan and have a characteristic insular ecosystem. The risk of ecological harm via human and cargo transportation has increased as the number of tourists visiting the islands has grown since their designation as a World Natural Heritage Site. To evaluate the risk of biological invasion, we surveyed the ant faunas at ports of Tokyo Bay on the Japanese mainland and the Ogasawara Islands using sticky traps baited with honey and tuna. Our findings indicated that ant species composition was remarkably different between the ports of Tokyo and Ogasawara, and potential alien species were detected in both areas. The baited traps were likely to be more attractive than the non-baited traps, but need to be improved in future research. In particular, this is the first study to detect the invasive big-headed ant Pheidole megacephala (Fabricius) in mainland Japan, which likely arrived from Ogasawara via an ocean liner. Our study demonstrates the importance of periodically monitoring around ports to detect alien ants during the early invasion stage, when control and eradication methods are more effective.

Keywords

Invasive alien ant species Shipping port Monitoring survey Bait attractiveness Pheidole megacephala 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Dr K. Eguchi of Tokyo Metropolitan University; the students of Ogasawara High School; and Mr H. Agemori, Ms M. Nishiyama, and the other colleagues in our laboratories for their cooperation and comments on this work. We also greatly appreciate the Tokyo Port Management Office for allowing us to conduct surveys at the ports. This research was supported by the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (no. 4-1401) of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan.

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshiko Sakamoto
    • 1
  • Hideaki Mori
    • 2
  • Hitoshi Ohnishi
    • 1
  • Hitoshi Imai
    • 2
  • Toshio Kishimoto
    • 3
  • Mitsuhiko Toda
    • 2
  • Shigeki Kishi
    • 1
  • Koichi Goka
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute for Environmental StudiesTsukubaJapan
  2. 2.Japan Wildlife Research CenterSumida-KuJapan
  3. 3.Museum of Natural and Environmental HistorySuruga-KuJapan

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