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Applied Entomology and Zoology

, Volume 49, Issue 2, pp 297–304 | Cite as

Effects of temperature on the reproduction and development of Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae)

  • Hirotoshi Kinjo
  • Yasuhisa Kunimi
  • Madoka Nakai
Original Research Paper

Abstract

The objective of this study was to elucidate how temperature affects the reproduction and development of Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), an emerging major pest of blueberry in Japan. Although extensive studies of the biology of this pest have been carried out, the effects of temperature on its reproduction and development remain unknown. We found that when adults mated at 31 °C for 4 days, none of the eggs hatched. Female oviposition and egg hatching rate were also reduced as temperature increased during the oviposition period. When D. suzukii larvae developed above 31 °C, pupation and adult eclosion were abolished. According to field observations, adult D. suzukii ceased to appear from the end of July 2010, when the average temperature exceeded 28 °C or when the temperature within a day exceeded 33 °C for 8 h or more. Experiments in which the mating temperature fluctuated within a day revealed that both the number of eggs oviposited and their hatch rate were significantly suppressed when the daily temperature regime during mating was either 31 °C for 12 h/25 °C for 12 h or 33 °C for 8 h/25 °C for 16 h, relative to the values at 25 °C for 24 h.

Keywords

Oviposition Larval development Mating 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Authors sincerely thank Drs. Isao Ogiwara, Takashi Motobayashi, Hidenobu Tsujimura, Jun Shimada, Tomoe Shimizu and Takuya Ban, Mr. Satoshi Noma and Ms. Mika Mashimo of Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Dr. Koichiro Tamura of Tokyo Metropolitan University and Dr. Ian Smith. This project was partially supported by a special research fund of the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in Japan: “Research and development of security and safe crop production to reconstruct agricultural lands in Fukushima Prefecture based on novel techniques to remove radioactive compounds using advanced bio-fertilizer and plant protection strategies” and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in Japan: “Demonstration of off-season blueberry harvesting technique in cooperation with nursery in advanced plant factory” in A Scheme to Revitalize Agriculture and Fisheries in Disaster Area through Deploying Highly Advanced Technology.

Supplementary material

13355_2014_249_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (45 kb)
Fig. 1S Number of eggs oviposited during a day by female adult Drosophila suzukii of different ages at 25 °C. Female flies were allowed to mate on general medium just after emergence and until days 2–7 after emergence (2Days to 7Days), and were then placed individually on grape juice agar plates for 24 h for oviposition. Numbers of eggs laid per female during 24 h were counted (a), and the percentage of eggs that hatched within 48 h (b) was examined. Bars indicate standard errors. Different letters denote a significant difference (PDF 45 kb)

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Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hirotoshi Kinjo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yasuhisa Kunimi
    • 1
  • Madoka Nakai
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of AgricultureTokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Mitsui Chemicals, Agro. Ltd., Institute of Agricultural ChemistryMobaraJapan

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