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Temperature-dependent wing dimorphism in a Japanese strain of tobacco thrips, Frankliniella fusca (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)

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Abstract

A Japanese strain of Frankliniella fusca (Hinds) was reared under 4 temperature and two photoperiodic conditions on leaves of green bean. On the basis of the ratio of fore wing length to head width (RWL) of adult thrips we defined individuals with RWL above 3.7 as macropterous forms and those with RWL below 3.5 as brachypterous forms. Percentages of macropterous individuals among females were 0 % at 18 °C, 10.6 % at 22.5 °C, 21.8 % at 25 °C, and 77.5 % at 27.5 °C, under 15L–9D. The proportion of macropters among females developing under 15L–9D was no different from that among those developing under 10L–14D. These results indicate that photoperiod does not affect wing form, and suggest that the proportion of macropterous females increases with temperature. Although development time from hatching to adult eclosion, adult pre-oviposition period, adult head width, adult longevity, total fecundity, and fecundity schedule were compared between macropterous and brachypterous females developing at 25 °C and 15L–9D, these traits were not significantly different between the wing forms. Males of this experimental strain were all brachypterous.

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Acknowledgments

We wish to thank Mr Y. Narai (Shimane Agricultural Technology Center, Shimane Prefecture) for providing the thrips strain.

Author information

Correspondence to Shiro Nakao.

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Nakao, S., Chikamori, C. Temperature-dependent wing dimorphism in a Japanese strain of tobacco thrips, Frankliniella fusca (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Appl Entomol Zool 48, 337–343 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13355-013-0193-3

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Keywords

  • Wing dimorphism
  • Photoperiodic response
  • Temperature response
  • Trade-off
  • Tobacco thrips