Applied Entomology and Zoology

, Volume 46, Issue 2, pp 195–200 | Cite as

The egg parasitoid Telenomus euproctidis (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) uses sex pheromone released by immobile female tussock moth Orgyia postica (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) as kairomone

Original Research Paper

Abstract

Egg parasitoids Telenomus euproctidis Wilcox (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) were attracted to egg masses laid by wingless immobile female Orgyia postica (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Virgin females, a solvent extract of pheromone glands, and a synthetic sex pheromone, (6Z,9Z,11S,12S)-11,12-epoxyhenicosa-6,9-diene (posticlure), also attracted this parasitoid in the field, demonstrating that T. euproctidis uses the sex pheromone of female Org. postica as a kairomone to locate host eggs.

Keywords

Telenomus euproctidis Kairomone Sex pheromone Orgyia postica Egg parasitoid Tussock moth 

References

  1. Arakaki N (1990) Phoresy of Telenomus sp. (Scelionidae: Hymenopera), and egg parasitoid of the tussock moth Euproctis taiwana. J Ethol 8:1–3CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arakaki N, Wakamura S (2000a) Bridge in time and space for an egg parasitoid–kairomonal use of trace amount of sex pheromone adsorbed on egg mass scale hair of the tussock moth, Euproctis taiwana (Shiraki) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), by egg parasitoid, Telenomus euproctidis Wilcox (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), for host location. Entomol Sci 3:25–31Google Scholar
  3. Arakaki N, Wakamura S (2000b) Different electroantennograms and field responses in males to virgin females between Okinawa and Ishigaki strains of the tussock moth, Orgyia postica (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Entomol Sci 3:421–426Google Scholar
  4. Arakaki N, Wakamura S, Yasuda T (1995) Phoresy by an egg parasitoid Telenomus euproctidis (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), on the tea tussock moth, Euproctis pseudoconspersa (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Appl Entomol Zool 30:602–603Google Scholar
  5. Arakaki N, Wakamura S, Yasuda T (1996) Phoretic egg parasitoid, Telenomus euproctidis (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae) uses sex pheromone of tussock moth Euproctis taiwana (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) as a kairomone. J Chem Ecol 22:1079–1085CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Arakaki N, Wakamura S, Yasuda T (1997) Two regional strains of a phoretic egg parasitoid, Telenomus euproctidis (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), that use different sex pheromones of two allopatric tussock moth species as kairomones. J Chem Ecol 23:153–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Godfry HCJ (1994) Parasitoids: behavioral and evolutional ecology. Princeton University Press, Princeton, p 473Google Scholar
  8. Inoue H (1982) Lymantriidae. In: Inoue H et al (eds) Moths of Japan, Kodan-sha, Tokyo, pp 628–638 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  9. Lewis WJ, Takasu K (1990) Use of learned odours by a parasitic wasp in accordance with host and food needs. Nature 348:635–636CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lewis WJ, Tumlinson JH (1988) Host detection by chemically mediated associative learning in parasitic wasps. Nature 331:257–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lewis WJ, Jones RL, Sparks AN (1972) A host-seeking stimulant for the egg parasite Trichogramma evanescens: Its source and demonstration of its laboratory and field activity. Ann Entomol Soc Am 65:1087–1089Google Scholar
  12. Lewis WJ, Nordlund DA, Gueldner RC, Teal PEA, Tumlinson JH (1982) Kairomones and their use for management of entomophagous insects. XIII. Kiromonal activity for Trichogramma spp. of abdominal tips, excretion, and a synthetic sex pheromone blend of Heliothis zea (Boddie) moths. J Chem Ecol 8:1323–1331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Noldus LPJJ, van Lenteren JC (1985) Kairomones for the egg parasite Trichogramma evanescens Westwood. I. Effects of volatile substances released by two of its hosts, Pieris brassicae L. and Mamastra brassicae L. J Chem Ecol 11:781–791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Noldus LPJJ, Potting RPJ, Barendregt HE (1991) Moth sex pheromone adsorption to leaf surface: bridge in time for chemical spies. Physiol Entomol 16:329–344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Nordlund DA, Lewis WJ, Gueldner RC (1983) Kairomones and their use for management of entomophagous insects. XIV. Response of Telenomus remus to abdominal tips of Spodoptera frugiperda, (Z)-9-tetradecene-1-ol acetate and (Z)-9-dodecene-1-ol acetate. J Chem Ecol 9:695–701CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Turlings TCJ, Wäckers FL, Vet LEM, Lewis WJ, Tumlinson JH (1993) Learning of host-finding cues by hymenopterous parasitoids. In: Papaji DR, Lewis AC (eds) Insect Learning: ecological and evolutionary perspectives. Chapman and Hall, New York, pp 51–78Google Scholar
  17. Vet LEM, Groenewold AW (1990) Semiochemicals and learning in parasitoids. J Chem Ecol 16:3119–3135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Vinson SB, Barfield CS, Henson RD (1977) Oviposition behaviour of Bracon mellitor, a parasitoid of the boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis). II. Associative learning. Physiol Entomol 2:157–164CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Wakamura S, Arakaki N, Yamamoto M, Hiradate S, Yasui H, Yasuda T, Ando T (2001) Posticlure: a novel trans-epoxide as a sex pheromone component of the tussock moth, Orgyia postica (Walker). Tetrahedron Lett 42:687–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Wakamura S, Arakaki N, Yamamoto M, Hiradate S, Yasui H, Kinjo K, Yasuda T, Yamazawa H, Ando T (2005) Sex pheromone and related compounds in the Ishigaki and Okinawa strains of the tussock moth Orgyia postica (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Biosci Biotechnol Biochem 69:957–965PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Yasuda T, Wakamura S, Arakaki N (1995) Identification of sex attractant pheromone components of the tussock moth, Euproctis taiwana (Shiraki) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). J Chem Ecol 21:1813–1822CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Japanese Society of Applied Entomology and Zoology 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Norio Arakaki
    • 1
  • Hiroyuki Yamazawa
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sadao Wakamura
    • 2
    • 4
  1. 1.Okinawa Prefectural Agricultural Research CenterItomanJapan
  2. 2.Laboratory of Insect BehaviorNational Institute of Agrobiological Sciences (NIAS)TsukubaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Food and Health, Faculty of Health and WelfareTokai Gakuin UniversityGifuJapan
  4. 4.Kyoto Gakuen UniversityKameokaJapan

Personalised recommendations