The impact of solar activity on climate system is spatiotemporally selective and usually more significant on the regional scale. Using statistical methods and solar radio flux (SRF) data, this paper investigates the impact of the solar 11-yr cycle on regional climate of Northeast Asia in recent decades. Significant differences in winter temperature, precipitation, and the atmospheric circulation over Northeast Asia are found between peak and valley solar activity years. In peak years, temperature is higher over vast areas of the Eurasian continent in middle and high latitudes, and prone to producing anomalous high pressure there. Northeast Asia is located to the south of the anomalous high pressure, where the easterlies prevail and transport moisture from the western Pacific Ocean to the inland of East Asia and intensify precipitation there. In valley years, temperature is lower over the Eurasian continent and northern Pacific Ocean in middle and high latitudes, and there maintain anomalous low pressure systems in the two regions. Over the Northeast Asian continent, north winds prevail, which transport cold and dry air mass from the high latitude to Northeast Asia and reduce precipitation there. The correlation coefficient of winter precipitation in Northeast China and SRF reaches 0.4, and is statistically significant at the 99% confidence level based on the Student’s t-test. The latent heat flux anomalies over the Pacific Ocean caused by solar cycle could explain the spatial pattern of abnormal winter precipitation of China, suggesting that the solar activity may change the climate of Northeast Asia through air-sea interaction.
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The precipitation gauge data in China were provided by Jinghua Chen of the Meteorological Information Center, China Meteorological Administration. Dr. Gang Wang from the First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration is thanked for his suggestions and comments to the paper. The power spectrum procedure is prepared and run by Dr. Yuxiang Zhu of the China Meteorological Administration Training Center.
Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41575091), National (Key) Basic Research and Development (973) Program of China (2012CB957803), and Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (BK20171230)
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Song, Y., Li, Z., Gu, Y. et al. The Effect of Solar Cycle on Climate of Northeast Asia. J Meteorol Res 33, 885–894 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13351-019-8132-z
- solar cycle
- solar radio flux (SRF)
- climate anomalies
- Northeast Asia