Machine-learning-based approach for post event assessment of damage in a turn-of-the-century building structure

  • Ebrahim Nazarian
  • Todd Taylor
  • Tian Weifeng
  • Farhad Ansari
Original Paper

Abstract

The work presented in this article describes development of a machine learning (ML)-based platform for condition assessment of building structures in the aftermath of extreme events. The methods employed in the study include support vector machines, neural networks, and Gaussian Naïve Bayes techniques for training of the structural health monitoring model. The ML platform relates the change in stiffness, and strains in various structural components of the system to the intensity and location of damage. Evaluation of the proposed method was accomplished by using it for the characterization of damage in a turn-of-the-century, six-story building with timber frames and masonry walls. The building was damaged due to differential settlement of its foundation. Application of the proposed method in the building required load testing of selected structural elements, and use of the strains acquired from the field tests as input to the ML model.

Keywords

Historic buildings Structural health monitoring Damage assessment Neural networks Machine learning Foundation settlement Support vector machines Gaussian Naïve Bayes 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ebrahim Nazarian
    • 1
  • Todd Taylor
    • 1
  • Tian Weifeng
    • 1
  • Farhad Ansari
    • 1
  1. 1.Christopher B. and Susan S. Burke Professor of Civil Engineering, Smart Sensors and NDT Laboratory, Department of Civil and Materials EngineeringUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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