Drug Delivery and Translational Research

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 101–115

Clinical translation of controlled protein delivery systems for tissue engineering

Review Article

DOI: 10.1007/s13346-013-0135-1

Cite this article as:
Spiller, K.L. & Vunjak-Novakovic, G. Drug Deliv. and Transl. Res. (2015) 5: 101. doi:10.1007/s13346-013-0135-1


Strategies that utilize controlled release of drugs and proteins for tissue engineering have enormous potential to regenerate damaged organs and tissues. The multiple advantages of controlled release strategies merit overcoming the significant challenges to translation, including high costs and long, difficult regulatory pathways. This review highlights the potential of controlled release of proteins for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. We specifically discuss treatment modalities that have reached preclinical and clinical trials, with emphasis on controlled release systems for bone tissue engineering, the most advanced application with several products already in clinic. Possible strategies to address translational and regulatory concerns are also discussed.


Tissue engineering Scaffolds Protein delivery Translation Regulatory pathways 

Copyright information

© Controlled Release Society 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biomedical EngineeringColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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