Skip to main content

Numerical Forecasting of Icing on Structural Components of Offshore Platforms in Polar Regions

Abstract

The Polar Regions are rich in natural resources but experience an extremely cold climate. The surfaces of offshore platforms operating in the Polar Regions are prone to icing. To develop solutions to this problem of surface icing, the influence of both the liquid water concentration of the surrounding atmosphere and the average water droplet diameter on the formation of ice on two major structural components of offshore platforms was analyzed using a combination of Fluent and FENSAP-ICE. Results showed that at a wind speed of 7 m/s, as the concentration of liquid water in the air increases from 0.05 to 0.25 g/m3, the amount and thickness of the icing on the surfaces of the two structural components increase linearly. At a wind speed of 7 m/s and when the size of the average water droplet diameter is 20–30 (30–35) µm, as the average water droplet diameter increases, the amount and thickness of the icing on the surfaces of the two structural components increase (decrease) gradually.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. Bragg, M.B. and Gregorek, G.M., 1982. Aerodynamic characteristics of airfoils with ice accretions, 20th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, AIAA, Orlando, Florida.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Dehghani, S.R., Muzychka, Y.S. and Naterer, G.F., 2016. Droplet trajectories of wave-impact sea spray on a marine vessel, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 127, 1–9.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Dehghani-Sanij, A.R., Dehghani, S.R., Naterer, G.F. and Muzychka, Y.S., 2017. Sea spray icing phenomena on marine vessels and offshore structures: Review and formulation, Ocean Engineering, 132, 25–39.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Drage, M.A. and Hauge, G., 2008. Atmospheric icing in a coastal mountainous terrain. Measurements and numerical simulations, a case study, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 53(2), 150–161.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Horjen, I., 2013. Numerical modeling of two-dimensional sea spray icing on vessel-mounted cylinders, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 93, 20–35.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. ISO, 2017. Atmospheric Icing of Structures, ISO 12494, ISO Copyright Office, Geneva, Switzerland.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Kulyakhtin, A., 2017. Numerical Modelling and Experiments on Sea Spray Icing, Ph.D. Thesis, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Lenhard Jr., R.W., 1955. An indirect method for estimating the weight of glaze on wires, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 36(1), 1–5.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Liu, Y.L. and Dong, W.J., 2016. Forecast methods for ship icing, Equipment Environmental Engineering, 13(3), 140–146. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

  10. MacArthur, C.D., 2001. Numerical simulation of airfoil ice accretion, Aerospace Science and Technology, 8, 101–110.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Makkonen, L., 1987. Salinity and growth rate of ice formed by sea spray, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 14(2), 163–171.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Makkonen, L., 2015. Atmospheric icing on sea structures, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 92, 60–84.

    Google Scholar 

  13. Meng, F.X., Chen, W.J., Liang, Q.S. and Zhang, D.L., 2013. Experiment on cylinder icing in injection driven icing wind tunnel, Journal of Aerospace Power, 28(7), 1467–1474.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Minsk, L.D., 2016. Ice accumulation on ocean structure, Offshore Technology Conference, 24–26.

  15. Rink, J., 2017. The melt water equivalents of rime deposits, Journal of Applied Meteorology, 5, 65–93.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Sadowski, M., 2013. Ice accretion on electric wires in Poland, Journal of Applied Meteorology, 87, 65–79.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Saha, D., Dehghani, S.R., Pope, K. and Muzychka, Y., 2016. Temperature distribution during solidification of saline and fresh water droplets after striking a super-cooled surface, Arctic Technology Conference, Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, pp. 1325–1328.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Waibel, K., 2016. Meteorological conditions of rime deposition on high voltage electrical lines in the mountains, Meteorological, Geophysical and Bioclimatic Archives, 7, 74–83.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Xie, Q., Chen, H.L. and Zhang, J.F., 2017. Research progress of antiicing/deicing technologies for polar ships and offshore platforms, Chinese Journal of Ship Research, 12(1), 45–53. (in Chinese)

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yan-zhuo Xue.

Additional information

Foundation item

This project is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51879125), Jiangsu Provincial Higher Education Natural Science Research Major Project (Grant No. 18KJA580003), and Jiangsu Province “Six Talents Peak” High-level Talents Support Project (Grant No. 2018-KTHY-033).

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Bai, X., Shen, J., Xue, Yz. et al. Numerical Forecasting of Icing on Structural Components of Offshore Platforms in Polar Regions. China Ocean Eng 35, 588–597 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13344-021-0053-9

Download citation

Key words

  • offshore platform in cold regions
  • icing
  • numerical analysis
  • icing thermodynamic model
  • icing calculation process