The Polar Regions are rich in natural resources but experience an extremely cold climate. The surfaces of offshore platforms operating in the Polar Regions are prone to icing. To develop solutions to this problem of surface icing, the influence of both the liquid water concentration of the surrounding atmosphere and the average water droplet diameter on the formation of ice on two major structural components of offshore platforms was analyzed using a combination of Fluent and FENSAP-ICE. Results showed that at a wind speed of 7 m/s, as the concentration of liquid water in the air increases from 0.05 to 0.25 g/m3, the amount and thickness of the icing on the surfaces of the two structural components increase linearly. At a wind speed of 7 m/s and when the size of the average water droplet diameter is 20–30 (30–35) µm, as the average water droplet diameter increases, the amount and thickness of the icing on the surfaces of the two structural components increase (decrease) gradually.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Bragg, M.B. and Gregorek, G.M., 1982. Aerodynamic characteristics of airfoils with ice accretions, 20th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, AIAA, Orlando, Florida.
Dehghani, S.R., Muzychka, Y.S. and Naterer, G.F., 2016. Droplet trajectories of wave-impact sea spray on a marine vessel, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 127, 1–9.
Dehghani-Sanij, A.R., Dehghani, S.R., Naterer, G.F. and Muzychka, Y.S., 2017. Sea spray icing phenomena on marine vessels and offshore structures: Review and formulation, Ocean Engineering, 132, 25–39.
Drage, M.A. and Hauge, G., 2008. Atmospheric icing in a coastal mountainous terrain. Measurements and numerical simulations, a case study, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 53(2), 150–161.
Horjen, I., 2013. Numerical modeling of two-dimensional sea spray icing on vessel-mounted cylinders, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 93, 20–35.
ISO, 2017. Atmospheric Icing of Structures, ISO 12494, ISO Copyright Office, Geneva, Switzerland.
Kulyakhtin, A., 2017. Numerical Modelling and Experiments on Sea Spray Icing, Ph.D. Thesis, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.
Lenhard Jr., R.W., 1955. An indirect method for estimating the weight of glaze on wires, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 36(1), 1–5.
Liu, Y.L. and Dong, W.J., 2016. Forecast methods for ship icing, Equipment Environmental Engineering, 13(3), 140–146. (in Chinese)
MacArthur, C.D., 2001. Numerical simulation of airfoil ice accretion, Aerospace Science and Technology, 8, 101–110.
Makkonen, L., 1987. Salinity and growth rate of ice formed by sea spray, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 14(2), 163–171.
Makkonen, L., 2015. Atmospheric icing on sea structures, Cold Regions Science and Technology, 92, 60–84.
Meng, F.X., Chen, W.J., Liang, Q.S. and Zhang, D.L., 2013. Experiment on cylinder icing in injection driven icing wind tunnel, Journal of Aerospace Power, 28(7), 1467–1474.
Minsk, L.D., 2016. Ice accumulation on ocean structure, Offshore Technology Conference, 24–26.
Rink, J., 2017. The melt water equivalents of rime deposits, Journal of Applied Meteorology, 5, 65–93.
Sadowski, M., 2013. Ice accretion on electric wires in Poland, Journal of Applied Meteorology, 87, 65–79.
Saha, D., Dehghani, S.R., Pope, K. and Muzychka, Y., 2016. Temperature distribution during solidification of saline and fresh water droplets after striking a super-cooled surface, Arctic Technology Conference, Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, pp. 1325–1328.
Waibel, K., 2016. Meteorological conditions of rime deposition on high voltage electrical lines in the mountains, Meteorological, Geophysical and Bioclimatic Archives, 7, 74–83.
Xie, Q., Chen, H.L. and Zhang, J.F., 2017. Research progress of antiicing/deicing technologies for polar ships and offshore platforms, Chinese Journal of Ship Research, 12(1), 45–53. (in Chinese)
This project is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51879125), Jiangsu Provincial Higher Education Natural Science Research Major Project (Grant No. 18KJA580003), and Jiangsu Province “Six Talents Peak” High-level Talents Support Project (Grant No. 2018-KTHY-033).
About this article
Cite this article
Bai, X., Shen, J., Xue, Yz. et al. Numerical Forecasting of Icing on Structural Components of Offshore Platforms in Polar Regions. China Ocean Eng 35, 588–597 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13344-021-0053-9
- offshore platform in cold regions
- numerical analysis
- icing thermodynamic model
- icing calculation process