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Documented contraceptive use after delivery in women with pre-gestational and gestational diabetes in Thailand: a single center study



To determine the contraceptive prevalence rate in postpartum women with diabetes complicating pregnancy.

Materials and methods

This retrospective study included women diagnosed with gestational diabetes (GDM) and pre-existing diabetes (PDM) who delivered at Siriraj Hospital during January 2016 to December 2019. Contraceptive use during the 6 months postpartum period was reviewed and compared between the diabetes groups.


A total of 1539 women were enrolled, including 1466 women with GDM and 73 women with PDM. The overall contraceptive prevalence rate was 78.7%, which was not different between the diabetes groups (PDM 75.4% vs. GDM 78.9%, OR 0.95; 95% CI 0.83–1.09). The commonly used methods were sterilization (34.8%), progestin injection (15.2%) and condom (10.9%). Sterilization was more prevalent in PDM (PDM 56.2% vs. GDM 33.8%, OR 1.66; 95% CI 1.34–2.06) and a modern reversible method was infrequently used in women with PDM (PDM 19.2% vs. GDM 45.1%, OR 0.42; 95% CI 0.26–0.68). Among non-sterilization, the odds of contraceptive use was significantly lower in PDM (OR 0.64, 95% CI 0.43–0.95).


Women with DM-complicated pregnancy frequently used contraception after delivery. However, the rate of modern contraceptive use among non-sterilized women was lower in those with PDM and the chosen methods were still inappropriate. Our findings highlight potential opportunities to improve contraceptive care and the need to promote the use of highly effective methods, seeking to minimize barriers for modern reversible contraceptive accessing.

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Availability of data and materials

They are available upon request.


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This was an unfunded study.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



RW contributed to the study conception, design, data collection and the first draft of the manuscript. PJ contributed to the study conception, design, data analysis, the final draft and revision of the manuscript. NP contributed to the study design, data collection and data analysis. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Preeyaporn Jirakittidul.

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Conflict of interests

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethics approval and consent to participate

The study was conducted in accordance with the ethical principles of the Declaration of Helsinki, and the study protocol was approved by the Siriraj Institutional Review Board. Written consent was waived due to the nature of the retrospective study design. All data were collected from previous hospital records.

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Not applicable.

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Winaitammakul, R., Jirakittidul, P. & Pingkul, N. Documented contraceptive use after delivery in women with pre-gestational and gestational diabetes in Thailand: a single center study. Diabetol Int (2022).

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  • Contraception
  • Postpartum
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Pre-existing diabetes
  • Pregnancy