Diabetology International

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 34–41 | Cite as

Non-high-density cholesterol level as a predictor of maximum carotid intima-media thickness in Japanese subjects with type 2 diabetes: a comparison with low-density lipoprotein level

  • Yukihiro BandoEmail author
  • Hitomi Wakaguri
  • Keiko Aoki
  • Hideo Kanehara
  • Azusa Hisada
  • Kazuhiro Okafuji
  • Daisyu Toya
  • Nobuyoshi Tanaka
Original Article



To determine whether non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) level, in comparison with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level, is useful for predicting the values of various surrogate atherosclerosis markers in Japanese subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2DM).


Data were retrieved from medical records of 265 subjects with T2DM who underwent laboratory tests to evaluate for atherosclerosis by using the following parameters: brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity, mean and maximum carotid intima-media thickness (mean CIMT and max-CIMT), and ankle-brachial index, with simultaneous fasting blood sampling for routine lipid parameters.


In a multiple stepwise regression analysis, non-HDL-C level, but not LDL-C level, positively correlated with max-CIMT (β coefficient = 0.14, F = 6.84). Stepwise logistic regression analysis revealed that a 0.26 mmol/L (10 mg/dL) increase in non-HDL-C level, but not LDL-C level, was significantly associated with high risk of max-CIMT (≥1.1 mm; odds ratio, 1.096; 95 % confidence interval, 1.003–1.202; p = 0.046). However, in a receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis, the addition of non-HDL-C level to the three significant independent variables obtained from the stepwise analyses did not significantly increased the area under the ROC curve (from 0.7789 to 0.7864, p = 0.4343).


Non-HDL-C levels may be non-inferior to LDL-C level for the prediction of high-risk max-CIMT in Japanese subjects with T2DM.


Non-HDL cholesterol LDL cholesterol Maximum carotid intima-media thickness Type 2 diabetes 



The authors would like to thank their current and former colleagues in the Department of Internal Medicine at Fukui-ken Saiseikai Hospital for their assistance in the completion of this study.

Conflict of interest

None of the authors has conflicts of interest to declare.

Human rights statement and informed consent

All procedures conducted in this study were in accordance with the ethics committee of Fukui-ken Saiseikai Hospital and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later revision. Informed consent or substitute for it was obtained from all patients for being included in the study. Identifying information of patients of human subjects, including names, initials, addresses, admission dates, hospital numbers, or any other data that might identify patients were not included in our written descriptions.


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Copyright information

© The Japan Diabetes Society 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yukihiro Bando
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hitomi Wakaguri
    • 1
  • Keiko Aoki
    • 1
  • Hideo Kanehara
    • 1
  • Azusa Hisada
    • 1
  • Kazuhiro Okafuji
    • 1
  • Daisyu Toya
    • 1
  • Nobuyoshi Tanaka
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineFukui-ken Saiseikai HospitalFukuiJapan

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