Variability in the immunogenic preS region of Pakistani hepatitis B virus isolates

  • Saima IftikharEmail author
  • Muhammad Akhtar
Original Article


This paper reports the genetic variability of hepatitis B virus in Pakistan population. The worldwide prevalence of hepatitis B virus is estimated to be around 350 million that causes significant mortality especially in developing countries like Pakistan. In this study, genetic diversity of HBV was checked by using preS domain of HBV. About seventy-five samples were selected for study. Among these samples nine samples showed positive results after PCR and gel analysis. These nine samples were named SBS001–SBS008. After gel purification these samples were ligated in T/A cloning vector and transformed with E. coli DH5α. After successful cloning and positive restriction analysis these samples were subjected to DNA sequencing. Sequencing results showed that eight samples (SBS002–SBS008) have a deletion of 33 nucleotides at N-terminal that is characteristics of genotype D while SBS001 belongs to genotype C. Silent mutations and amino acid changes were also searched in this highly variable region of genome. Based upon this study it was concluded that genotype D is the most common genotype in Pakistan.


Hepatitis B virus DNA T/A cloning vector E. coli DH5α preS domain 



I am much indebted to the Dr Altaf Khan for his help during the sequencing. I also express my great gratitude to Dr Saadat and Faisal Basheer who helped me a lot in collecting the HBV samples.


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Copyright information

© Indian Virological Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological Sciences, Quid-e-Azam CampusPunjab UniversityLahorePakistan

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