Genetic variability and phylogeny analysis of partial L1 gene of human papillomavirus variants in Buenos Aires, Argentina
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In the present study, the molecular characterization of HPV variants 16, 18, 31, 58, 6 and 11 within the MY06/MY11 L1 genomic region was performed in 128 sequences. For HPV 16, all of the sequences analyzed had a 3 nucleotide insertion resulting in the insertion of serine in the L1 protein sequence; and 4 sequences had at least one single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP). Twelve base substitutions were detected in HPV 58, 6 SNPs produced amino acid changes, and the other SNPs detected were found to be silent mutations. For HPV 31, 25 SNPs were detected as silent mutations. Of the 8 SNPs detected on HPV 18, three produced amino acid changes, the remaining SNPs detected were silent mutations. For HPV 6, 10 SNPs were detected and none of them produced amino acid changes. From the 16 sequences analyzed for HPV 11, two SNPs were detected and neither of them produced amino acid substitutions. Phylogenetic trees were constructed for HPV 16, HPV 18, HPV 31, HPV 58, HPV 6 and HPV 11. In the current study 8 new variants were identified based on sequencing of the L1 region. Changes in the L1 region of the HPV genome may be important for discriminating the infectious potential of different variants, as well as in defining epitopes relevant to vaccine design. The findings of this study indicate that there are new variants of HPV circulating in Argentina, which need to be confirmed by further analyses of the complete HPV genome.
KeywordsHPV Phylogenetic Maximum-likelihood L1 gene
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