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Effect of Temperature and Gamma-Ray Irradiation on Optical Characteristics of Fiber Bragg Grating Inscribed Radiation-Resistant Optical Fiber

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Abstract

A new radiation-hard germano-silicate glass optical fiber with a pure silica glass buffer and a boron-doped silica glass inner cladding was fabricated for temperature sensor application based on the fiber Bragg grating (FBG) under γ-ray irradiation environment. The temperature dependences of optical attenuation at 1550.5 nm and Bragg reflection wavelength shift from 18 °C to 40 °C before the γ-ray irradiation were about 4.57×10−4 dB/ °C and 5.48 pm/ °C, respectively. The radiation-induced optical attenuation at 1550.5 nm and the radiation-induced Bragg reflection wavelength shift under the γ-ray irradiation with the total dose of 22.85kGy at 35 °C were about 0.03dB/m and 0.12nm, respectively, with the γ-ray irradiation sensitivity of 5.25×10−3 pm/Gy. The temperature and the γ-ray irradiation dependence of optical attenuation at 1550.5nm in the FBG written fiber with boron-doped silica glass inner cladding were about 6 times and 4 times lower than that in the FBG written fiber without boron-doped silica glass inner cladding under a temperature change from 18 °C to 40 °C and the γ-ray irradiation with the total dose of 22.85 kGy at 35 °C, respectively. Furthermore, the effect of temperature increase on the Bragg reflection wavelength of the FBG written fiber with boron-doped silica inner cladding was much larger about 1000 times than that of the γ-ray irradiation. However, no influence on the reflection power of the Bragg wavelengths and the full width at half maximum (FWHM) bandwidth under temperature and the γ-ray irradiation change was found. Also, after the γ-ray irradiation with the dose of 22.85kGy, no significant change in the refractive index was found but the residual stresses developed in the fiber were slightly relaxed or retained.

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Acknowledgment

We thank the Advanced Technology Radiation Laboratory of the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute for their assistance with γ-ray irradiation measurements. This work was partially supported by the Korea Electric Power Corporation Research Institute (Grant No. KEPRI-16-23) and the Korea Industrial Complex Corporation Industrial Cluster Competitiveness Enhancement Project (Grant No. RGJ18014), South Korea.

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Correspondence to Won-Taek Han.

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Ju, S., Kim, Y., Linganna, K. et al. Effect of Temperature and Gamma-Ray Irradiation on Optical Characteristics of Fiber Bragg Grating Inscribed Radiation-Resistant Optical Fiber. Photonic Sens 10, 16–33 (2020) doi:10.1007/s13320-019-0567-4

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Keywords

  • Optical fiber
  • radiation resistance
  • temperature sensor
  • fiber Bragg grating
  • radiation-induced attenuation