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Photonic Sensors

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 234–245 | Cite as

Design and optimization of photonic crystal fiber based sensor for gas condensate and air pollution monitoring

  • Md. Ibadul Islam
  • Kawsar Ahmed
  • Shuvo Sen
  • Sawrab Chowdhury
  • Bikash Kumar Paul
  • Md. Shadidul Islam
  • Mohammad Badrul Alam Miah
  • Sayed Asaduzzaman
Open Access
Regular

Abstract

In this paper, a hexagonal shape photonic crystal fiber (H-PCF) has been proposed as a gas sensor of which both micro-structured core and cladding are organized by circular air cavities. The reported H-PCF has a single layer circular core which is surrounded by a five-layer hexagonal cladding. The overall pretending process of the H-PCF is completed by using a full vectorial finite element method (FEM) with perfectly matched layer (PML) boundary condition. All geometrical parameters like diameters and pitches of both core and cladding regions have fluctuated with an optimized structure. After completing the numerical analysis, it is clearly visualized that the proposed H-PCF exhibits high sensitivity with low confinement loss. The investigated results reveal the relative sensitivity of 56.65% and confinement loss of 2.31×10-5 dB/m at the 1.33-μm wavelength. Moreover, effective area, nonlinearity, and V-parameter of the suggested PCF are also briefly described.

Keywords

Relative sensitivity confinement loss gas sensor effective area nonlinearity and photonic crystal fiber 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. Ibadul Islam
    • 1
  • Kawsar Ahmed
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shuvo Sen
    • 1
  • Sawrab Chowdhury
    • 1
  • Bikash Kumar Paul
    • 1
    • 2
  • Md. Shadidul Islam
    • 1
  • Mohammad Badrul Alam Miah
    • 1
  • Sayed Asaduzzaman
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology UniversitySantosh, TangailBangladesh
  2. 2.Group of Bio-photomatiχTangailBangladesh
  3. 3.Department of Software Engineering (SWE)Daffodil International UniversitySukrabad, DhakaBangladesh

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