Alcohol sensing over O+E+S+C+L+U transmission band based on porous cored octagonal photonic crystal fiber
- 301 Downloads
A micro structure porous cored octagonal photonic crystal fiber (P-OPCF) has been proposed to sense aqueous analysts (alcohol series) over a wavelength range of 0.80 μm to 2.0 μm. By implementing a full vectorial finite element method (FEM), the numerical simulation on the proposed O-PCF has been analyzed. Numerical investigation shows that high sensitivity can be gained by changing the structural parameters. The obtained result shows the sensitivities of 66.78%, 67.66%, 68.34%, 68.72%, and 69.09%, and the confinement losses of 2.42×10−10 dB/m, 3.28×10−11 dB/m, 1.21×10−6 dB/m, 4.79×10−10 dB/m, and 4.99×10−9 dB/m at the 1.33 μm wavelength for methanol, ethanol, propanol, butanol, and pentanol, respectively can satisfy the condition of much legibility to install an optical system. The effects of the varying core and cladding diameters, pitch distance, operating wavelength, and effective refractive index are also reported here. It reflects that a significant sensitivity and low confinement loss can be achieved by the proposed P-OPCF. The proposed P-OPCF also covers the wavelength band (O+E+S+C+L+U). The investigation also exhibits that the sensitivity increases when the wavelength increases like SO-band<SE-band <SS-band < SC-band <SL-band <SU-band. This research observation has much pellucidity which has remarkable impact on the field of optical fiber sensor.
KeywordsPorous cored OPCF alcohol sensor sensitivity confinement loss transmission band
The authors are grateful to all of the subjects who participated in this research.
- A. M. Cubillaset, S. Unterkofler, T. G. Euser, B. J. Etzold, A. C. Jones, P. J. Sadler, et al., “Photonic crystal fibers for chemical sensing and photochemistry,” Chemical Society Reviews, 2013, 42(22): 8629.8648.Google Scholar
- S. Okaba, T. Takano, F. Benabid, T. Bradley, L. Vincetti, Z. Maizelis, et al., “Lamb-Dicke spectroscopy of atoms in a hollow-core photonic crystal fiber,” Nature Communications, 2014, 5(5): 4096.4105.Google Scholar
- H. Shafiee, E. A. Lidstone, M. Jahangir, F. Inci, E. Hanhauser, T. J. Henrich, et al., “Nanostructured optical photonic crystal biosensor for HIV viral load measurement,” Scientific Reports, 2014, 4(6174): 1032–1035.Google Scholar
- P. Yeh, A. Yariv, and E. Marom, “Theory of Bragg fiber,” Journal of the Optical Society of America, 1978, 68(9): 1196.1201.  P. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science, 2003, 299(5605): 358–362.Google Scholar
- S. Asaduzzaman, K. Ahmed, M. F. H. Arif, and M. Morshed, “Application of microarray-core based modified photonic crystal fiber in chemical sensing,” in International Conference on Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Bangladesh, Nov. 4–6, 2015.Google Scholar
Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.