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Current status of the Botryosphaeriaceae in Australia

Abstract

The Botryosphaeriales, and in particular the Botryosphaeriaceae, are a well-studied group of fungi best known for the canker diseases they cause on woody hosts especially in stressed or damaged trees. Australian Plant Pathology herbaria contain many records for this group, but due to considerable taxonomic changes over the past decade, many of the species names have since been reclassified. In this article we used all published records with available sequence data of the Botryosphaeriaceae in Australia to examine the distribution and host range of these taxa. There are 24 genera encompassing 222 species in the Botryosphaeriaceae; 9 genera and 62 species have been recorded in Australia. Some genera such as Neoscytalidium are only found in warm, humid climates while Dothiorella species are more common in temperate climates. There were species, such as Lasiodiplodia theobromae, Neofusicoccum parvum and Botryosphaeria dothidea, which had a wide host range with many records. However, there were also several species found only in one location on a single host. While systematic data collection is still required, the information presented here provides a baseline of species present in Australia and will underpin future studies into this group of important pathogens.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank all the plant health diagnostic staff and herbaria curatorial staff for isolating and maintaining the cultures accessed from BRIP and VPRI.

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Correspondence to Treena I. Burgess.

Electronic supplementary material

Figure S1

Local Moran’s I estimates for each species represented on the phylogeny of Botryosphaeriaceae species in Australia based on climate index 1 (left) and 2 (right). Red bars are statistically significant at α=0.05. (PDF 13 kb)

Table S1

(DOCX 138 kb)

Table S2

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Burgess, T.I., Tan, Y.P., Garnas, J. et al. Current status of the Botryosphaeriaceae in Australia. Australasian Plant Pathol. 48, 35–44 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-018-0577-5

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Keywords

  • Lasiodiplodia
  • Neofusicoccum
  • Dothiorella
  • Mangifera indica
  • Vitis vinifera
  • Phylogenetic conservatism