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Colletotrichum species associated with pre-and post-harvest diseases of avocado and mango in eastern Australia

Abstract

Colletotrichum alienum, C. asianum, C. fructicola, C. karstii and C. siamense were identified from 87 isolates previously assigned to C. gloeosporioides sensu lato from fruit of avocado (Persea americana cv. Hass) and mango (Mangifera indica cv. Kensington Pride) with post-harvest anthracnose and pre-harvest pepper spot diseases. Colletotrichum alienum, C. fructicola and C. karstii were only found amongst isolates from avocado. Colletotrichum asianum was only seen in isolates from mango, most frequently associated with both post-harvest anthracnose and pre-harvest pepper spot. Colletotrichum siamense was found amongst isolates from both hosts, although it was more commonly encountered in association with disease symptoms in avocado than in mango. This study did not identify any pathogenic or molecular features between isolates causing post-harvest anthracnose and those causing pre-harvest pepper spot symptoms.

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Acknowledgements

Much of this work was originally funded by Horticulture Australia Ltd. (now Hort Innovation), the Department of Primary Industries Queensland (now Department of Agriculture and Fisheries Queensland), Avocados Australia, and the Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Plant Protection/University of Queensland. Additional funding was recently provided by the Australian Biological Resources Study. The authors would like to acknowledge the support and funding by these organisations.

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Correspondence to F. R. Giblin.

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Giblin, F.R., Tan, Y.P., Mitchell, R. et al. Colletotrichum species associated with pre-and post-harvest diseases of avocado and mango in eastern Australia. Australasian Plant Pathol. 47, 269–276 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-018-0553-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13313-018-0553-0

Keywords

  • Tear stain
  • Gene sequence
  • Pathogenicity