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Management of children with severe acute malnutrition: Experience of Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers in Uttar Pradesh, India

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To assess the effectiveness of facility-based care for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers (NRC).


Review of data.


12 NRCs in Uttar Pradesh, India.


Children admitted to NRCs (Jan 1, 2010 — Dec 31, 2011).


Detection and treatment of SAM with locally-adapted protocols.


Survival, default, discharge, and recovery rates.


54.6% of the total 1,229 children admitted were boys, 81.6% were in the age group 6–23 months old, 86% belonged to scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, or other backward castes, and 42% had edema or medical complications. Of the 1,181 program exits, 14 (1.2%) children died, 657 (47.2%) children defaulted, and 610 (51.7%) children were discharged The average (SD) weight gain was 12.1 (7.3) g/kg body weight/day and the average (SD) length of stay was 13.2 (5.6) days. 206 (46.8%) children were discharged after recovery (weight gain ≥15%) while 324 (53.2%) were discharged, non-recovered (weight gain <15%)


NRCs provide life-saving care for children with SAM; however, the protocols and therapeutic foods currently used need to be improved to ensure the full recovery of all children admitted.

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Correspondence to Karanveer Singh.

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Singh, K., Badgaiyan, N., Ranjan, A. et al. Management of children with severe acute malnutrition: Experience of Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers in Uttar Pradesh, India. Indian Pediatr 51, 21–25 (2014).

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