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Impact of surgery on quality of life in Crohn’s disease: short- and mid-term follow-up

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Abstract

Active Crohn’s disease has a substantial impact on Quality of Life (QoL). Medical management could be associated to side effects, hospitalization, long treatment period and requires patient's compliance, impacting QoL. Ileocecal resection (ICR) is often required, open or laparoscopic. Aim of the study was to assess Health-Related (HR) QoL changes following ICR, and to identify factors impacting on QoL in the short and mid-term. From a single institution, we created a prospective database of patients undergoing ICR from 01/2009 to 12/2015. HRQoL was analysed with Cleveland Global Quality of Life (CGQL) score, Overall Quality of Happiness (OQH), and asking patients if they would have surgery again. QoL scores were recorded at 30 days, 6, 12 and 36 months postoperatively and compared according to follow-up timing, technique, medical treatment and demographics. Statistical analysis included 187 patients. Mean follow-up was 3.8 ± 2.9 years. Both at 30 days and 6 months postoperatively, CGQL, its items and OQH increased significantly (p < 0.001). Increased values were also recorded at 1 and 3 years; 88% of patients would undergo surgery again. Laparoscopy was associated with improved CGQL scores, while preoperative steroids with worsen data. Young female patients, with penetrating pattern, experienced greater HRQoL improvements. Surgery is associated with improvements of HRQoL and patients’ happiness in the short and mid-term. Laparoscopy, steroid-free and young patients showed the best results. ICR should be considered a reasonable alternative to non-operative strategies in selected cases.

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All authors helped to perform the research. Conception and design of the study: SD, GSS, LB, GM. Acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data: SD, FR, SS, GB, BS. Drafting and revision of the article: SD, GSS. Final approval: GSS, GM, SD.

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Correspondence to Stefano D’Ugo.

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D’Ugo, S., Romano, F., Sibio, S. et al. Impact of surgery on quality of life in Crohn’s disease: short- and mid-term follow-up . Updates Surg 72, 773–780 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13304-020-00738-1

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