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Robotic versus standard open pancreatectomy: a propensity score-matched analysis comparison

  • Benedetto Ielpo
  • Riccardo Caruso
  • Hipolito Duran
  • Eduardo Diaz
  • Isabel Fabra
  • Luis Malavé
  • Yolanda Quijano
  • Emilio Vicente
Original Article

Abstract

Interest in robotic pancreatectomy has been greatly increasing over the last decade. However, evidence supporting the benefits of robotic over open pancreatectomy is still outstanding. This study aims to assess the safety and efficacy of robotic pancreatectomy compared with the conventional open surgical approach. Propensity score-matched (1:1) was used to balance age, sex, BMI, ASA, tumor size, and malignancy of 17 robotic pancreaticoduodenectomies (PD), 12 pancreatic enucleations (PE), and 28 distal pancreatectomies (DP); and was compared with the open standard approach. Robotic PD was associated with longer operative time (594 vs. 413 min; p = 0.03) and decreased blood loss (190 vs. 394 ml; p = 0.001). Robotic PE showed a lower mean length of hospital stay (8.4 vs. 12.8 days; p = 0.04) and, in addition, robotic DP showed less blood loss (175 vs. 375 ml; p = 0.01), less severe morbidities (7.14 vs. 17.9%; p = 0.02), and a reduced mean length of hospital stay (8.9 vs. 15.1; p = 0.001). Overall, conversion rate was 4 (7%). Robotic pancreatectomy is as safe and effective as the standard open surgical approach with reduced blood loss in PD and DP, length of hospital stay in PE and DP, and severe morbidity in DP.

Keywords

Pancreatic resection Robotic surgery Case matched 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research involving human participants and/or animals

The study was approved by the institutional ethical committee of the HM Hospitals group.

Informed consent

All patients included were informed about the treatment and written informed consent was obtained before all surgeries.

Supplementary material

Supplementary material 1 (MP4 94342 kb)

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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Surgery (SIC) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benedetto Ielpo
    • 1
  • Riccardo Caruso
    • 1
  • Hipolito Duran
    • 1
  • Eduardo Diaz
    • 1
  • Isabel Fabra
    • 1
  • Luis Malavé
    • 1
  • Yolanda Quijano
    • 1
  • Emilio Vicente
    • 1
  1. 1.General Surgery Department, Sanchinarro University HospitalSan Pablo CEU University of MadridMadridSpain

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