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Concrete Confinement Effect in Circular Concrete Sandwiched Double Steel Tubular Stub-Columns

Abstract

Concrete sandwiched double steel tubular (CSDST) columns have improved ductility under cyclic loads. Two CSDST columns are investigated in this paper (1) CSDST-CS with Circular outer tube and Square inner tube and (2) CSDST-CC with Circular outer tube and Circular inner tube. The confinement of concrete between the annular spaces of the inner and outer tubes is very important for their behaviour. To the authors’ knowledge, the literature is scarce on a validated concrete confinement model for CSDST. In this paper, the concrete confinement mechanism in CSDST columns is explained based on thick-walled cylinder theory and a semi-analytical equation is developed. Hollowness ratio of the cross-section, width to thickness ratio of the outer steel tube, strength of the outer steel tube and sandwiched concrete strength are identified as the main parameters influencing the confinement effect in CSDST. The proposed equation is extended to CSDST-CS with inner square tube approximated as an equivalent circular tube. This assumption is validated by conducting tests on short column specimens under axial compression. With outer tubes being the same, concrete confinement effect in CSDST-CS, CSDST-CC and concrete filled steel tubular column (CFST) are 18%, 20% and 30%, respectively. This study has demonstrated that the presence of double steel tubes does not improve the concrete confinement in CSDST compared to CFST. Further, this study presents a modification to the design equations of EN 1994-1-2 2005-1-1 (Eurocode 4: Design of composite steel and concrete structures Part 1–1: General rules and rules for buildings. European Committee for Standardization, Brussels, 2004) for CFST columns to CSDST stub columns by incorporating the effect of hollowness.

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Abbreviations

A c , A so , A si :

Area of infilled concrete, outer steel tube and inner steel tube, respectively

B, B i :

Width of general tubular cross-section, and inner square steel tube, respectively

D, D o , D i :

Diameter of general steel pipe, outer steel tube, and inner steel tube, respectively

E c , E so , E si :

Elastic modulus of infilled concrete, outer steel tube and inner steel tube, respectively

EA eff :

Effective axial stiffness (EAeff = EsoAso + EsiAsi + EcAc)

f 1 , f 2 :

Lateral pressure at outer steel–concrete and inner steel–concrete interface

f cc :

Enhanced strength of concrete

f cm :

Mean 28-day compressive strength of concrete cube

f ck :

Characteristic strength of concrete cube

f c :

Characteristic strength of concrete cylinder

f c,z , f c,r , f c,h :

Axial, radial and hoop stress in an elemental concrete, respectively

f so,z f so,h1 , f so,h :

Axial and hoop stresses in an elemental outer steel tube

f si,z f si,h2 , f si,h :

Axial and hoop stresses in an elemental inner steel tube

f yo , f yi :

Yield strength of outer and inner steel tubes, respectively

h r :

Hollowness ratio (hr = Di/(Do − 2 to))

k :

Factor to account for concrete strength enhancement due to lateral confinement

L :

Length of the test specimen

P u :

Ultimate axial capacity

P sum :

Superimposed axial strength of steel and concrete (Psum = Asofyo + Asifyi+ 0.8Acfcm). The concrete strength contribution is multiplied by 0.8 to account for concrete cube to cylinder strength conversion

P test :

Ultimate strength of the specimens from test

P pro :

Proposed axial capacity

P EC4 :

Axial capacity predicted using EC4 provisions

r o , r i :

Outer and Inner radius of sandwiched concrete

t, t o , t i :

Thickness of a general steel tube, outer steel tube and inner steel tube, respectively

η so , η c :

Strength factor in outer steel tube and sandwiched concrete, respectively

Δ :

Axial deformation

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Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to TATA-STRUCTURA for supplying the steel tubes for experimental study, and also grateful to the staff at Structural Engineering Laboratory, IIT Madras for conducting the experiments.

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Correspondence to U. Mashudha Sulthana.

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Sulthana, U.M., Jayachandran, S.A. Concrete Confinement Effect in Circular Concrete Sandwiched Double Steel Tubular Stub-Columns. Int J Steel Struct 20, 1364–1377 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13296-020-00365-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13296-020-00365-x

Keywords

  • Concrete-sandwiched
  • Thick-walled cylinder
  • Concrete confinement
  • Hollowness ratio
  • Ductility