The paper investigates the performance of a new connection between steel frames and precast reinforced concrete shear walls subjected to cyclic and monotonic loading. The connection is designed as a typical bolted T-stub connection to ensure the reasonable load-transferring mechanics and integrity of the two main components. In the study, two experimental programs with two 1/3-scale specimens tested under the monotonic and cyclic loading are performed to examine the performance of the proposed connection. Furthermore, finite element analysis on the behavior of the bolted T-stub connection is conducted using software ABAQUS and finite element models are created corresponding to the experimental specimens. The results of finite element analysis are verified against those obtained from the experiment. With the findings, behavioral aspects of the bolted T-stub connection are evaluated including failure modes, load-displacement curves, ductility, stiffness, and energy dissipation capacity. The results demonstrate that the bolted T-stub connection presents the favorable monotonic and cyclic performances to meet the requirements of the codes in China. The parametric analysis is then performed to demonstrate the effects of several parameters on the performance of the connection including friction coefficient, bolt preload, thickness of the steel plate embedded in the wall, and diameter of the bolt. The research also provides essential data for the application of the bolted Tstub connection in the engineering projects.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Chopra, A. K. (1995). Dynamics of structures. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Dan, D., Fabian, A., and Stoian, V. (2011). “Theoretical and experimental study on composite steel-concrete shear walls with vertical steel encased profiles.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 67(5), pp. 800–813.
El-Tawil, S., Harries, K. A., Fortney, P. J., Shahrooz, B. M., and Kurama, Y. (2010). “Seismic design of hybrid coupled wall systems: state of the art.” Journal of structural engineering, 136(7), pp. 755–769.
GB50017-2011 (2012). Code for design of steel structures. China Architecture & Building Press, Beijing, China (in Chinese).
GB/T228-2010 (2010). Metallic Materials-Tensile Testing at Ambient Temperature. Standards Press of China, Beijing, China (in Chinese).
GB/T 2975-1998 (1998). Steel and steel products-Location and preparation of test pieces for mechanical testing. Standards Press of China, Beijing, China (in Chinese).
Hao, J. P., Guo, H. C., Xie, Q., Hu, Q., and Zhou, Q. (2011). “Seismic performance of simi-rigid composite steel frame with steel plate shear walls.” Journal of Building Structures, 33(2), pp. 33–40 (in Chinese).
Hibbitt, D., Karlsson, B., and Sorensen, P. (2011). ABAQUS Analysis User’s Manual (Version 6.11), Dassault Systèmes Simulia Corp., Pawtucket, RI, USA.
JGJ101-96 (1997). Specificating of testing methods for earthquake resistant building. China Architecture & Building Press, Beijing, China (in Chinese).
Krawinkler, H. (1992). Guidelines for cyclic seismic testing of components of steel structures. Applied Technology Council.
Li, G. C., Fang, C., Zhao, X., An, Y. W., and Liu, Y. (2015). “Cyclic behavior of rebar-penetrated connection between gangue concrete filled steel tubular column and reinforced gangue concrete beam.” Advanced Steel Construction, 11(1), pp. 54–72.
Li, G. C., Yu, H. P., and Fang, C. (2013). “Performance study on T-stub connected semi-rigid joint between rectangular tubular columns and H-shaped steel beams.” Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering, 7(3), pp. 296–303.
McCormac, J. C., and Brown, R. H. (2015). Design of reinforced concrete. John Wiley & Sons.
Peng, X. T., and Gu, Q. (2013). “Seismic behavior analysis for composite structures of steel frame-reinforced concrete infill wall.” The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings, 22(11), pp. 831–846.
Saari, W. K., Hajjar, J. F., Schultz, A. E., and Shield, C. K. (2004). “Behavior of shear studs in steel frames with reinforced concrete infill walls.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 60(10), pp. 1453–1480.
Shi, Y. J., Wang, M., and Wang, Y. Q (2011). “Analysis on shear behavior of high-strength bolts connection.” International Journal of Steel Structures, 11(2), pp. 203–213.
Tong, X. D., Hajjar, J. F., Schultz, A. E., and Shield, C. K. (2005). “Cyclic behavior of steel frame structures with composite reinforced concrete infill walls and partiallyrestrained connections.” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 61(4), pp. 531–552.
Taranath, B. S. (2011). Structural analysis and design of tall buildings: Steel and composite construction. CRC press.
About this article
Cite this article
Li, G., Wang, Y., Yang, Z. et al. Shear Behaviour of Novel T-Stub Connection between Steel Frames and Precast Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls. Int J Steel Struct 18, 115–126 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s13296-018-0309-2
- bolted T-stub connection
- steel frame
- precast concrete shear walls
- failure modes
- energy dissipation
- cyclic performance