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Strategies for reducing airborne pesticides under tropical conditions

Perspective
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Abstract

Brazil is currently one of the largest pesticide consumers worldwide. However, a lack of scientific information regarding airborne pollution is still an issue, with tragic consequences to human health and the environment. To reduce pollution of the lower air layers, where pesticide spraying occurs, green barriers that filter the air could be an effective mitigation procedure. Modifying pulverization habits, by pulverizing in the late afternoon instead of in the morning could also reduce pesticide volatilization, while other recommendations with the purpose of lowering the pesticide amounts currently applied are likewise pursued. Data obtained about volatilization have demonstrated that, in order to reduce air pollution risks, one of the most effective preventive strategies is to ban products with high vapor pressure. Global/local stakeholders need to assume the responsibility to find the best way to reduce airborne pesticide pollution, which has increasingly shown disastrous effects as major poisons to human health and the environment.

Keywords

Drift reduction Human poisonings Pesticide air pollution Pesticide pulverization Volatilization 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support was from FAPERJ, PRONEX. We shall thank Dr. Aluisio Granato for the grateful comments in the text.

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringPontifícia Universidade CatólicaRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Pathology, Faculty of MedicineHUAP, Universidade Federal FluminenseNiteróiBrazil

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