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Ambio

, Volume 46, Issue 5, pp 588–603 | Cite as

Using certified timber extraction to benefit jaguar and ecosystem conservation

  • John Polisar
  • Benoit de Thoisy
  • Damián I. Rumiz
  • Fabricio Díaz Santos
  • Roan Balas McNab
  • Rony Garcia-Anleu
  • Gabriela Ponce-Santizo
  • Rosario Arispe
  • Claudia Venegas
Review

Abstract

The jaguar Panthera onca requires large areas of relatively intact habitats containing adequate amounts of prey to survive. Since a substantial portion of jaguar range occurs outside of strict protected areas, there is a need for economic incentives for habitat conservation, which carefully managed selective logging can provide. Forest Stewardship Council and Pan European Forest Council certifications intended to regulate wood extraction to maintain the ecological functions of forests require evidence of biodiversity and ecosystem conservation. We draw on twelve surveys across four countries and a range of biomes to present evidence that adequate logging management can maintain jaguar populations, but that they are at risk without efficient control of secondary impacts of access and hunting. Where resident, the presence of jaguars can serve as an indication that the ecological requirements of certified timber extraction are being met. We present a gradient of rigor for monitoring, recommending cost-effective options.

Keywords

Certified timber extraction Forest Stewardship Council certification Jaguars Pan European Forest Council certification Selective logging 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Nicaragua: Liz Claiborne and Art Ortenberg Foundation, Layasiksa community, Nicaragua’s Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (MARENA); French Guiana: Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Network, European Funds, Fonds Français pour l’Environnement Mondial (FFEM), the Directorate General for International Cooperation Netherlands (DGIS) and the French Ministry of Higher Education and Research; Bolivia: WCS and the Chiquitano Forest Conservation Foundation (FCBC) in the framework of a research agreement with the Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado, local support from Alberto Arce, Grupo Industrial Roda and Fundación Simón I. Patiño, Sixto Angulo, Kathia Rivero, Francisco Morezapiri, Willy Montaño and Roberto Paca. Guatemala: WCS Jaguar Conservation Program, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), U.S. Department of the Interior (USDOI), Programa Clima, Naturaleza y Comunidades en Guatemala (CNCG), The Nature Conservancy, Global Heritage Fund, Rainforest Alliance, Christian Rossell, Consejo Nacional de Áreas Protegidas, Cooperativa Carmelita, Asociación Forestal Integral San Andrés Petén, Concesión Industrial Baren Comercial, Sociedad Civil Árbol Verde, Sociedad Civil Custodios de la Selva, Sociedad Civil Laborantes del Bosque, Sociedad Civil El Esfuerzo, Sociedad Civil Impulsores Suchitecos, Centro de Monitoreo y Evaluación de CONAP, Asociación Balam, Instituto de Antropología e Historia, Ejército de Guatemala, Merlina Barnes, Nery Solís, Víctor Hugo Ramos, Isaac Goldstein, Fabio Díaz, Mathias Tobler, Daniel Thornton, Francisco Estrada-Belli, Proyecto Arqueológico Holmul, Jacob Kay, Josie Thompson and Donna Fertig.

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Polisar
    • 3
    • 7
  • Benoit de Thoisy
    • 1
  • Damián I. Rumiz
    • 2
  • Fabricio Díaz Santos
    • 4
    • 8
  • Roan Balas McNab
    • 5
  • Rony Garcia-Anleu
    • 5
  • Gabriela Ponce-Santizo
    • 5
  • Rosario Arispe
    • 6
  • Claudia Venegas
    • 6
  1. 1.Kwata NGOCayenneFrench Guiana
  2. 2.Fundación Simón I. PatiñoSanta Cruz de la SierraBolivia
  3. 3.Wildlife Conservation SocietyBronxUSA
  4. 4.Wildlife Conservation SocietyManaguaNicaragua
  5. 5.Wildlife Conservation SocietyFlores, PeténGuatemala
  6. 6.Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff MercadoSanta Cruz de la SierraBolivia
  7. 7.St. ArlingtonUSA
  8. 8.ManaguaNicaragua

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