, Volume 46, Issue 2, pp 162–172 | Cite as

Soil fertility, crop biodiversity, and farmers’ revenues: Evidence from Italy

  • Salvatore Di Falco
  • Elisavet Zoupanidou


This paper analyzes the interplay between soil fertility, crop biodiversity, and farmers’ revenues. We use a large, original, farm-level panel dataset. Findings indicate that both crop biodiversity and soil fertility have positive effects on farmers’ revenues. It is also shown that crop biodiversity and soil fertility may act as substitutes. These results provide evidence for the important role of diversity in the resilience of agroecosystems. Crop diversification can be a potential strategy to support productivity when soils are less fertile.


Agroecosystems Crop diversification Italy Panel data Soil fertility 



We would like to thank the two reviewers, Martina Bozzola, Jesper Stage, and the Editor in Chief for the very useful comments and suggestions.


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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Institute of Economics and EconometricsThe University of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.University of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland

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