, Volume 46, Issue 1, pp 30–39 | Cite as

Leverage points for sustainability transformation

  • David J. AbsonEmail author
  • Joern Fischer
  • Julia Leventon
  • Jens Newig
  • Thomas Schomerus
  • Ulli Vilsmaier
  • Henrik von Wehrden
  • Paivi Abernethy
  • Christopher D. Ives
  • Nicolas W. Jager
  • Daniel J. Lang


Despite substantial focus on sustainability issues in both science and politics, humanity remains on largely unsustainable development trajectories. Partly, this is due to the failure of sustainability science to engage with the root causes of unsustainability. Drawing on ideas by Donella Meadows, we argue that many sustainability interventions target highly tangible, but essentially weak, leverage points (i.e. using interventions that are easy, but have limited potential for transformational change). Thus, there is an urgent need to focus on less obvious but potentially far more powerful areas of intervention. We propose a research agenda inspired by systems thinking that focuses on transformational ‘sustainability interventions’, centred on three realms of leverage: reconnecting people to nature, restructuring institutions and rethinking how knowledge is created and used in pursuit of sustainability. The notion of leverage points has the potential to act as a boundary object for genuinely transformational sustainability science.


Human–environment systems Institutional change Knowledge creation and use Social–ecological systems Sustainability science Transdisciplinarity 



We thank two anonymous reviewers for their critical and insightful comments which helped substantially improve the manuscript. This research is supported by a Volkswagenstiftung and the Niedersächsisches Ministerium für Wissenschaft und Kultur (Grant Number A112269).


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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. Abson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joern Fischer
    • 1
  • Julia Leventon
    • 1
  • Jens Newig
    • 1
  • Thomas Schomerus
    • 1
  • Ulli Vilsmaier
    • 1
  • Henrik von Wehrden
    • 1
  • Paivi Abernethy
    • 1
  • Christopher D. Ives
    • 1
  • Nicolas W. Jager
    • 1
  • Daniel J. Lang
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of SustainabilityLeuphana University LüneburgLüneburgGermany

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