, Volume 45, Issue 5, pp 629–631 | Cite as

Consumption of wild-harvested meat from New Zealand feral animals provides a unique opportunity to study the health effects of lead exposure in hunters

  • Eric J. Buenz
  • Gareth J. Parry
  • Matthew Peacey

Comment to: Kanstrup, N., V.G. Thomas, O. Krone, and C. Gremse. 2016. The transition to non-lead rifle ammunition in Denmark: National obligations and policy considerations. Ambio. doi: 10.1007/s13280-016-0780-y.

There are numerous reasons for countries to transition to non-lead ammunition as highlighted by Kanstrup et al. (2016). When wild game animals are killed with lead projectiles, hundreds of lead fragments are dispersed throughout the carcass and packages of processed wild game are reported to contain lead fragments (Hunt et al. 2009). There is also a correlation between subsistence hunters using lead projectiles and elevated levels of lead in the blood (Tsuji et al. 2008; Iqbal et al. 2009; Fachehoun et al. 2015). Since there is no safe level of lead exposure (Canfield et al. 2003; WHO 2009), this lead exposure through hunting may be a significant public health concern and one that is avoidable (Buenz 2016). Furthermore, many hunters are unaware of the potential risks of lead...


Lead Level Lead Exposure Blood Lead Level Hunting Season Game Hunting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The Nelson Marlborough Institute of Technology is the funding source and had no involvement in the study.


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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric J. Buenz
    • 1
  • Gareth J. Parry
    • 1
  • Matthew Peacey
    • 1
  1. 1.Nelson Marlborough Institute of TechnologyNelsonNew Zealand

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