Community-Based Technology Transfer in Rural Aquaculture: The Case of Mudcrab Scylla serrata Nursery in Ponds in Northern Samar, Central Philippines
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Finding aquaculture development approaches to open up livelihood opportunities for the rural poor and in mainstreaming smallholder fish farmers to reduce poverty remain a challenge. This paper examines the community-based technology transfer mechanism of mudcrab nursery in ponds and its socioeconomic impacts on smallholder mudcrab growers in Northern Samar, Philippines. Results indicated that the technology is a viable enterprise done by a straight culture system method, which is the rearing of crablets from <1.0 to 4.0 cm for 42 days, or by-phases. However, technology adoption hinges on many factors like area ownership, farm distance from household, and market including the type of strategy needed to enhance technology uptake. Collaboration among research and development institutions and local partners is critical in training and empowering rural communities to adopt aquaculture technologies.
KeywordsRural aquaculture Mudcrab nursery Technology transfer Socioeconomic impact
This study was funded by SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department and the Government of Japan-SEAFDEC FCG Mechanism Program under Study Code No. SE-01-CM2008T. The authors are grateful for the support of ACIAR Community Agricultural Technologies Programme under the ACIAR Project FIS/1992/017. We wish to thank the support of NGOs (ACE, MODE/SPPI, and ACELT), the PO members, the LGUs, mudcrab traders, BFAR region 8, and colleagues. Valuable comments from the referees improved the manuscript.
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