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AMBIO

, Volume 43, Issue 6, pp 825–835 | Cite as

Toward a Sustainable Utilization of Land Resources in China: Problems, Policies, and Practices

  • Wuyang Hong
  • Feixue Li
  • Manchun Li
  • Fangfang Zhang
  • Lihua Tong
  • Qiuhao Huang
Perspective

Abstract

China’s economy is growing explosively with double-digit rates of growth. However, behind the scenes of this economic miracle, a dark underbelly exists. The potential impact of the unsustainable use of land resources is increasing. Each parcel of land has a stationary geographic location, while its utilization is optional. The re-adjustment and optimization of land use patterns ought to be encouraged. Spatial reconstruction refers to the combination of various land elements, which can promote the rational and efficient allocation of land resources through a four-layer action framework: the development of unused land, urban renewal, ecological reconstruction, and spatial displacement. The feasibility and validity of these methods are illustrated by practical cases in different provinces in China. We thus propose that pursuing sustainable development and building an ecological civilization will be necessary for China in future decades.

Keywords

Sustainable land use Spatial reconstruction Urban–rural development Land use policy China 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The research was jointly supported by National Natural Sciences of Foundation of China (No. 41001046) and China National Science and Technology Support Program (2012BAH28B04-05). Also, we would like to express appreciations to colleagues in the laboratory for their constructive suggestions and comments.

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wuyang Hong
    • 1
  • Feixue Li
    • 1
  • Manchun Li
    • 1
  • Fangfang Zhang
    • 1
  • Lihua Tong
    • 1
  • Qiuhao Huang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Geographic & Oceanographic SciencesNanjing UniversityNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

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