, Volume 42, Issue 8, pp 1022–1036

Linking Salmon Aquaculture Synergies and Trade-Offs on Ecosystem Services to Human Wellbeing Constituents


DOI: 10.1007/s13280-013-0457-8

Cite this article as:
Outeiro, L. & Villasante, S. AMBIO (2013) 42: 1022. doi:10.1007/s13280-013-0457-8


Salmon aquaculture has emerged as a successful economic industry generating high economic revenues to invest in the development of Chiloe region, Southern Chile. However, salmon aquaculture also consumes a substantial amount of ecosystem services, and the direct and indirect impacts on human wellbeing are still unknown and unexplored. This paper identifies the synergies and trade-offs caused by the salmon industry on a range of ecosystem services. The results show that large economic benefits due to the increase of provisioning ecosystem services are also causing a reduction on regulating and cultural services. Despite the improvement on average income and poverty levels experienced in communities closely associated with the sector, this progress is not large enough and social welfare did not improve substantially over the last decade. The rest of human wellbeing constituents in Chiloe region have not changed significantly compared to the development in the rest of the country.


Salmon aquaculture Ecosystem services Synergies and trade-offs Chile 

Supplementary material

13280_2013_457_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (758 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 759 kb)

Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad de Los LagosCampus de OsornoOsornoChile
  2. 2.Faculty of Economics and Business AdministrationUniversity of Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  3. 3.Campus do Mar, International Campus of ExcellenceVigoSpain
  4. 4.Centro Nacional Patagónico (CENPAT), CONICETPuerto MadrynArgentina

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