, Volume 42, Issue 7, pp 864–876

The Flood Pulse as the Underlying Driver of Vegetation in the Largest Wetland and Fishery of the Mekong Basin

  • Mauricio E. Arias
  • Thomas A. Cochrane
  • David Norton
  • Timothy J. Killeen
  • Puthea Khon

DOI: 10.1007/s13280-013-0424-4

Cite this article as:
Arias, M.E., Cochrane, T.A., Norton, D. et al. AMBIO (2013) 42: 864. doi:10.1007/s13280-013-0424-4


The Tonle Sap is the largest wetland in Southeast Asia and one of the world’s most productive inland fisheries. The Mekong River inundates the Tonle Sap every year, shaping a mosaic of natural and agricultural habitats. Ongoing hydropower development, however, will dampen the flood pulse that maintains the Tonle Sap. This study established the current underlying relationship among hydrology, vegetation, and human use. We found that vegetation is strongly influenced by flood duration; however, this relationship was heavily distorted by fire, grazing, and rice cultivation. The expected flood pulse alteration will result in higher water levels during the dry season, permanently inundating existing forests. The reduction of the maximum flood extent will facilitate agricultural expansion into natural habitats. This study is the most comprehensive field survey of the Tonle Sap to date, and it provides fundamental knowledge needed to understand the underlying processes that maintain this important wetland.


Cambodia Ecohydrology Wetlands Tropical floodplain vegetation 

Supplementary material

13280_2013_424_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (146 kb)
Fig. S1 (PDF 146 kb)
13280_2013_424_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (108 kb)
Table S2 (PDF 108 kb)
13280_2013_424_MOESM3_ESM.pdf (86 kb)
Table S3 (PDF 86 kb)
13280_2013_424_MOESM4_ESM.pdf (163 kb)
Table S4 (PDF 163 kb)
13280_2013_424_MOESM5_ESM.pdf (36 kb)
Table S5 (PDF 36 kb)
13280_2013_424_MOESM6_ESM.pdf (32 kb)
Table S6 (PDF 32 kb)

Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mauricio E. Arias
    • 1
  • Thomas A. Cochrane
    • 1
  • David Norton
    • 2
  • Timothy J. Killeen
    • 3
  • Puthea Khon
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Civil and Natural Resources EngineeringUniversity of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand
  2. 2.New Zealand School of ForestryUniversity of CanterburyChristchurchNew Zealand
  3. 3.Carbon and Commodities ProgramWorld Wildlife FundWashingtonUSA
  4. 4.Faculty of Mathematics, Sciences and EngineeringPannasastra University of CambodiaPhnom PenhCambodia

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