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AMBIO

, Volume 42, Issue 6, pp 724–736 | Cite as

Spatial Trends of Trace-Element Contamination in Recently Deposited Lake Sediment Around the Ni–Cu Smelter at Nikel, Kola Peninsula, Russian Arctic

  • Sigurd Rognerud
  • Vladimir A. Dauvalter
  • Eirik Fjeld
  • Brit Lisa Skjelkvåle
  • Guttorm Christensen
  • Nickolay Kashulin
Report

Abstract

A large copper–nickel smelter complex is located at the Kole Penninsula, Russia, close to the Norwegian border. Trace-element concentrations in surface sediments (0–0.5 cm) and pre-industrial sediments from 45 lakes in the region were used to uncover spatial deposition patterns and contamination factor of sediments. Elevated concentrations were found, especially for Ni and Cu, but also for Pb, Co, Hg, As, and Cd. Highest concentrations were found up to 20 km from the smelter, but the concentrations decreased exponentially with distance from the smelter. Increasing Ni, Cu, As, and Hg concentrations from sub-surface to surface sediments were found for lakes at intermediate distances (20–60 km). This may reflect recent changes in atmospheric depositions, as shown in nearby Norwegian areas. However, we cannot rule out that this also may have been caused by diagenetic processes, especially for the most redox-sensitive elements such as As.

Keywords

Metals Smelter Sub-arctic Sediments Lakes 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The present work is partly funded by the Norwegian Minister of Environment and Ministry (RUS-09/036) under the program “Nordområdetiltak og prosjektsamarbeid til Russland”. The funding was administered by the Department for Russia, Eurasia and Regional cooperation, and the Norwegian Ministry for Foreign Affairs. In addition, contributions to the funding came from Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA) and Institute of the Industrial Ecology Problems of the North (INEP).

Supplementary material

13280_2013_384_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (1.2 mb)
Supplementary material (PDF 1272 kb)

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sigurd Rognerud
    • 1
  • Vladimir A. Dauvalter
    • 2
  • Eirik Fjeld
    • 3
  • Brit Lisa Skjelkvåle
    • 3
  • Guttorm Christensen
    • 4
  • Nickolay Kashulin
    • 2
  1. 1.Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA)OttestadNorway
  2. 2.Institute of Northern Industrial Ecology Problems (INEP), Kola Science CentreRussian Academy of ScienceMurmansk RegionRussia
  3. 3.Norwegian Institute for Water Research (NIVA)OsloNorway
  4. 4.Akvaplan-niva ASTromsøNorway

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