Anderson, A. 1979. Mercury in soils. In The biochemistry of tertiary volcanic rocks in parts of the Virginia City Quadrangle, ed. J.O. Nriagu, 70–112. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Bastos, W.R., J.P.O. Gomes, R.C. Oliveira, R. Almeida, E.L. Nascimento, J.V.E. Bernardi, L.D. de Lacerda, E.G. da Silveira, et al. 2006. Mercury in the environment and the riverside population in the Madeira River Basin, Amazon, Brazil. Science of the Total Environment 368: 344–351.
Bodaly, R.A., J.W.M. Rudo, R.J.P. Fudge, and C.A. Kelly. 1993. Mercury concentrations in fish related to size of remote Canadian Shield Lakes. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50: 980–987.
Boedhram, N. 1988. Climate/Rainfall. In Suriname Planatlas. Washington, DC: National Planning Office of Suriname, Paramaribo/Organization of American States.
Bosma, W., A.G. Ho Len Fat, and C.C. Welter. 1973. Minerals and mining in Suriname. Contributions to the Geology of Suriname 3: 71–101.
Boudou, A., R. Maury-Brachet, G. Durrieu, M. Coquery, and C. Dauta. 2006. Gold mining activities and mercury contamination of freshwater systems in French Guiana—Risks towards human populations. Hydroécologie Appliquée 15: 1–18 (in French, English summary).
Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment. 1999. Canadian sediment quality guidelines for the protection of aquatic life: Mercury. In Canadian environmental quality guidelines. Winnipeg: Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment.
Clesceri, S.L., A.E. Greenberg, and A.D. Eaton (eds.). 1998. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 20th ed. Washington: APHA/AWWA/WEF.
De Kom, J.F.M., G.B. Van der Voet, and F.A. de Wolff. 1998. Mercury exposure of Maroon workers in the small scale goldmining in Suriname. Environmental Research 77: 91–97.
De Vletter, D.R. 1984. Contributions to the Geology of Suriname 8, Geological Mining Division, Mededelingen 27: 11–30.
De Vletter, D.R., and A.L. Hakstege. 1998. The search for gold in Suriname. In The history of earth sciences in Suriname, ed. ThE Wong, D.R. De Vletter, L. Krook, J.I.S. Zonneveld, and A.J. Van Loon, 311–349. Amsterdam: Netherlands Institute of Applied Geoscience TNO/Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.
De Vletter, D.R., S.B. Kroonenberg, A.L. Hakstege, and R.L. Verwey. 1988. Geology and Minerals. In Suriname Planatlas. Washington, DC: National Planning Office of Suriname, Paramaribo/Organization of American States.
Duvall, A.E., and M.G. Barron. 2000. A screening level probabilistic risk assessment of mercury in Florida Everglades food webs. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 47: 298–305.
EC. 2002. EC Regulation (221/2002) amending Commission Regulation (EC) no. 466/2001 of 8 March 2001 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs. EC, Brussels.
Haripersad-Makhanlal, A., and P.E. Ouboter. 1993. Limnology: Physics–chemical parameters and phytoplankton composition. In Freshwater ecosystems of Suriname, ed. P.E. Ouboter, 53–75. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Harris, R.C., and R.A. Bodaly. 1998. Growth and dietary effects on fish mercury dynamics in two Ontario lakes. Biogeochemistry, Vol. 40 (2/3), Fourth International Conference: Mercury as Global Pollutant, March 1998, 175–187.
Keith, P., P.Y. Le Bail, and P. Planquette. 2000. Guide to the freshwater fishes of French Guiana. Vol. 2, part I. Batrachoidiformes, Mugiliformes, Beloniformes, Cyprinodontiformes, Synbranchiformes, Perciformes, Pleuronectiformes, Tetraodontiformes. Paris: Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle (in French).
Khan, B., and B. Tansel. 2000. Mercury bioconcentration factors in American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) in the Florida Everglades. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 47: 54–58.
Lacerda, L.D., E.D. Bidone, A.F. Guimaraes, and W.C. Pfeiffer. 1994. Mercury concentrations in fish from the Itacaiunas-Parauapebas River System. Carajas Region, Amazon. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 66: 373–379.
Lacerda, L.D., W. Salomons, W.C. Pfeiffer, and W.R. Bastos. 1991. Mercury distribution in sediment profiles of remote high Pantanal lakes, Central Brazil. Biogeochemistry 14: 91–97.
Le Bail, P.Y., P. Keith, and P. Planquette. 2000. Guide to the freshwater fishes of French Guiana. Vol. 1, part II. Siluriformes. Paris: Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle (in French).
Malm, O., J.R.D. Guimaraes, M.B. Castro, W.R. Bastos, J.P. Viana, F.J.P. Branches, E.G. Silveira, and W.C. Pfeiffer. 1997. Follow-up of mercury levels in fish, human hair and urine in the Madeira and Tapajos basins, Amazon, Brazil. Water, Air, and Soil pollution 97: 45–51.
Miller, J.R., P.J. Lechler, and G. Bridge. 2003. Mercury contamination of alluvial sediments within the Essequibo and Mazaruni River Basins, Guyana. Water, Air, and Soil pollution 148: 139–166.
Mol, J.H., and P.E. Ouboter. 2004. Downstream effects of erosion from small-scale gold mining on the instream habitat and fish community of a small Neotropical rainforest stream. Conservation Biology 18: 201–214.
Mol, J.H., J.S. Ramlal, C. Lietar, and M. Verloo. 2001. Mercury contamination in freshwater, estuarine and marine fishes in relation to small-scale gold mining in Suriname, South America. Environmental Research 86: 183–197.
Mol, J.H., Ph. Willink, B. Chernoff, and M. Cooperman. 2006. Fishes of the Coppename River, Central Suriname Nature Reserve, Suriname. In A rapid biological assessment of the aquatic ecosystems of the Coppename River Basin, Suriname, ed. Alonso, L.E., and H.J. Berrenstein. Executive Summary. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 39: 67–79.
Mol, J.H., B. de Merona, P.E. Ouboter, and S. Sahdew. 2007. The fish fauna of Brokopondo Reservoir, Suriname, during 40 years of impoundment. Neotropical Ichthyology 5(3): 351–368.
Morel, F.M.M., A.M.L. Kraepiel, and M. Amyot. 1998. The chemical cycle and bioaccumulation of mercury. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29: 543–566.
Oliveira Ribeiro, C.A., E. Pelletier, W.C. Pfeiffer, and C. Rouleau. 2000. Comparative uptake, bioaccumulation, and gill damages of inorganic mercury in tropical and nordic freshwater fish. Environmental Research 83: 286–292.
Ouboter, P.E. 1996. Ecological studies on crocodilians in Suriname. Niche segregation and competition in three predators, 139. Amsterdam: SPB Academic Publishing.
Ouboter, P.E., and G. Landburg. 2006. Water quality of the Coppename River Basin, with notes on aquatic fauna distribution. In A rapid biological assessment of the aquatic ecosystems of the Coppename River Basin, Suriname, ed. Alonso, L.E., and H.J. Berrenstein. RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 39: 37–46.
Pfeiffer, W.C., and L.D. Lacerda. 1988. Mercury inputs into the Amazon region, Brazil. Environmental Technology Letters 9: 325–330.
Pfeiffer, W.C., L.D. Lacerda, O. Malm, C.M.M. Souza, E.G. Silveira, and W.R. Bastos. 1989. Mercury concentrations in inland waters of gold mining areas in Rondonia, Brazil. Science of the Total Environment 87: 233–240.
Planquette, P., P. Keith, and P.Y. Le Bail. 1996. Guide to the freshwater fishes of French Guiana, vol. 1. Paris: Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle (in French).
Pollack, H., J. de Kom, J. Quik, and L. Zuilen. 1998. Introducing retorts for abatement of mercury pollution in Suriname. Report to Organization of American States. Paramaribo: HWO Consultants.
Richard, S., A. Arnoux, Ph Cerdan, C. Reynouard, and V. Horeau. 2000. Mercury levels of soils, sediments and fish in French Guiana, South America. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 124: 221–244.
Roulet, M., M. Lucotte, A. Saint-Aubin, S. Tran, I. Rheault, N. Farella, E. De Jesus Da Silva, et al. 1998. The geochemistry of mercury in central Amazonian soils developed on the Alter-do-Chão formation of the lower Tapajos River Valley, Para state, Brazil. Science of the Total Environment 223: 1–24.
Scheuhammer, A.M., M.W. Meyer, M.B. Sandheinrich, and M.W. Murray. 2007. Effects of environmental methylmercury on the health of wild birds, mammals, and fish. AMBIO 36: 12–18.
Silva-Forsberg, M.C., B.R. Forsberg, and V.K. Zeidemann. 1999. Mercury contamination in humans linked to river chemistry in the Amazon Basin. AMBIO 28(6): 519–521.
Tanan, C.L., D.F. Ventura, J.M. de Souza, S.R. Grotzner, M. Mela, A. Gouvela Jr, and C.A. Oliveira-Ribeiro. 2006. Effects of mercury intoxication on the response of horizontal cells of the retina of thraira fish (Hoplias malabaricus). Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 39: 987–995.
UNESCO. 2011. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1017. Retrieved 9 Sept 2011.
US EPA. 1991. Methods for determination of metals in environmental samples. Cincinnati: Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory Office of Research and Development US EPA.
US EPA. 1994. Water quality standards handbook, 2nd ed. USEPA Water Resource Center. United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA-823-B-94-005. Washington, DC: EPA.
US EPA. 1997. Mercury study report to Congress. Volume VI: An ecological assessment for anthropogenic mercury emissions in the United States. Office of Air Quality Planning & Standards and Office of Research and Development. United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA-452/R-97-008. Washington, DC: EPA.
Veiga, M.M. 1997. Introducing new technologies for abatement of global mercury pollution in Latin America, 94. Rio de Janeiro: UNIDO/University of British Columbia/Center for Mineral Technology.
Watras, C.J., K.A. Morrison, and Jodi S. Host. 1995. Concentration of mercury species in relationship to other site-specific factors in the surface waters of northern Wisconsin Lakes. Limnology and Oceanography 40: 556–565.