Advertisement

AMBIO

, Volume 41, Issue 4, pp 410–412 | Cite as

Open Environmental Data in Developing Countries: Who Benefits?

  • Eduardo Eiji Maeda
  • Juan Arévalo Torres
Synopsis

Should research institutions from developing countries provide open access to their data? Who would benefit? These are highly relevant questions for environmental research. In the backdrop of increasing discussions regarding open data, attention should be paid to guarantee that research institutions from developing countries do not become mere data providers. At the same time, restricted access to data should not become a barrier for advancing our knowledge of critical environmental issues. Open access policies for environmental data must be developed not only for advancing science, but also to provide growing opportunities for researchers in developing countries.

Scientific research plays a crucial role in addressing global environmental problems, such as climate change, biodiversity loss, and water scarcity. Advances in these fields strongly rely on the availability of data allowing researchers to better understand environmental processes. From temperature records obtained using...

Keywords

Open Data Scientific Cooperation Cooperation Network Open Access Policy Global Historical Climatology Network 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Artaxo, P. 2012. Break down boundaries in climate research. Nature 481: 239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arzberger, P., P. Schroeder, A. Beaulieu, G. Bowker, K. Casey, L. Laaksonen, D. Moorman, P. Uhlir, et al. 2004. An international framework to promote access to data. Science 303: 1777–1778.Google Scholar
  3. Carlson, R. 2011. A lesson in sharing. Nature 469: 293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Malhado, A.C.M. 2011. Amazon science needs Brazilian leadership. Science 6019: 857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Nelson, B. 2009. Empty archives. Nature 461: 160–163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. NOAA. 2009. NOAA/National Climatic Data Center Open Access to Physical Climate Data Policy. http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/about/open-access-climate-data-policy.pdf. Accessed 6 March 2012.
  7. OECD Guidelines on the Protection of Privacy and Transborder Flows of Personal Data; available at www.oecd.org. Accessed 6 March 2012.
  8. Overpeck, J.T., G.A. Meehl, S. Bony, and D.R. Easterling. 2011. Climate data challenges in the 21st century. Science 331: 700.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Reichman, O.J., M.B. Jones, and M.P. Schildhauer. 2011. Challenges and opportunities of open data in ecology. Science 331: 703–705.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Tollefson, J. 2008. Brazil goes to war against logging. Nature 452: 134–135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. World Bank—independent evaluation group. 2011. Access to information policy. http://ieg.worldbankgroup.org/content/dam/ieg/A2I.pdf. Accessed 6 March 2012.

Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Water Resources UnitJoint Research Centre—European Commission—Institute for Environment and SustainabilityIspraItaly

Personalised recommendations