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AMBIO

, Volume 41, Issue 7, pp 782–786 | Cite as

China’s Wetlands: Conservation Plans and Policy Impacts

  • Zongming Wang
  • Jianguo Wu
  • Marguerite Madden
  • Dehua Mao
Synopsis

Introduction

Since the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands in 1971, wetland conservation (maintenance and sustainable use) and restoration (recovery of degraded natural wetlands) have been high priorities for many countries. China has the world’s fourth largest wetland area, which exceeds the whole territory of Great Britain. While the Chinese government has increasingly recognized the importance of wetland protection, particularly after joining the Ramsar Convention in 1992, natural wetlands in China have suffered great loss and degradation. To address this problem, China has implemented the National Wetland Conservation Program (NWCP)—one of the largest of its kind in the world—with ambitious goals, massive investments, and potentially enormous impacts. Furthermore, NWCP has global implications because it aims to rehabilitate habitats for water birds of international importance, enhance carbon sequestration, conserve soil and water, and protect important headwaters of international rivers...

Keywords

Taihu Lake Natural Wetland National Wetland Inventory State Forestry Wetland Conservation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was jointly supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (Nos. 2012CB956103, 2009CB421103) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40930527).

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zongming Wang
    • 1
  • Jianguo Wu
    • 2
  • Marguerite Madden
    • 3
  • Dehua Mao
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Northeast Institute of Geography and AgroecologyChinese Academy of SciencesChangchunChina
  2. 2.School of Life Sciences & Global Institute of SustainabilityArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  3. 3.Center for Remote Sensing and Mapping Science (CRMS), Department of GeographyThe University of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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