Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSC) are based on molecular and nanometer-scale components. Record cell efficiencies of 12%, promising stability data and means of energy-efficient production methods have been accomplished. As selling points for the DSC technology the prospect of low-cost investments and fabrication are key features. DSCs offer the possibilities to design solar cells with a large flexibility in shape, color, and transparency. The basic principles of the operation of DSC, the state-of-the-art as well as the potentials for future development are described.
KeywordsDye-sensitized Solar cell Mesoporous Photoelectrochemistry Nanostructured
The author thanks the other project leaders of CMD: Gerrit Boschloo and Håkan Rensmo, Uppsala University, Lars Kloo and Licheng Sun, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, and Henrik Pettersson, Swerea IVF AB, Mölndal.
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