The Legitimacy of Leadership in International Climate Change Negotiations
- 733 Downloads
Leadership is an essential ingredient in reaching international agreements and overcoming the collective action problems associated with responding to climate change. In this study, we aim at answering two questions that are crucial for understanding the legitimacy of leadership in international climate change negotiations. Based on the responses of three consecutive surveys distributed at COPs 14–16, we seek first to chart which actors are actually recognized as leaders by climate change negotiation participants. Second, we aim to explain what motivates COP participants to support different actors as leaders. Both these questions are indeed crucial for understanding the role, importance, and legitimacy of leadership in the international climate change regime. Our results show that the leadership landscape in this issue area is fragmented, with no one clear-cut leader, and strongly suggest that it is imperative for any actor seeking recognition as climate change leader to be perceived as being devoted to promoting the common good.
KeywordsClimate change Leadership Legitimacy Followers Views on leadership COP
We gratefully acknowledge the support for this research from Mistra—the Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, through the Climate Policy Research Program, Clipore.
- AFP. 2009. Obama pledges US lead on climate change. http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5i-sLNr8cB0J-fjcMJZnzcrE-X5yw. Accessed 5 Apr 2009.
- Carin, B., and A. Mehlenbacher. 2010. Constituting global leadership: Which countries need to be around the summit table for climate change and energy security? Global Governance 16: 21–37.Google Scholar
- Council of the European Union. 2007. Presidency Conclusions. Brussels, 9 March.Google Scholar
- Gupta, J., and N. van der Grijp. 2000. Perceptions of the EU’s role. In Climate change and European leadership: A sustainable role for Europe?, ed. J. Gupta, and M. Grubb, 67–82. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academich Publishers.Google Scholar
- Karlsson, C. 2001. Democracy, legitimacy and the European Union. Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis.Google Scholar
- Mitchell, R.B. 2010. International politics and the environment. London: Sage.Google Scholar
- Nye, J.S. 2010. The future of American power. Foreign Affairs 89: 2–12.Google Scholar
- Sjöstedt, G. 1994. Negotiating the Uruguay round of the general agreement on tariffs and trade. In International multilateral negotiation: Approaches to the management of complexity, ed. W.I. Zartman, 44–69. San Francisco: Jossey–Bass Publishers.Google Scholar
- Underdal, A. 1994. Leadership theory: Rediscovering the arts of management. In International multilateral negotiation: Approaches to the management of complexity, ed. W.I. Zartman, 178–197. San Francisco: Jossey–Bass Publishers.Google Scholar