What Have We Learnt from the European Union’s Emissions Trading System?
- First Online:
- Cite this article as:
- Wråke, M., Burtraw, D., Löfgren, Å. et al. Ambio (2012) 41(Suppl 1): 12. doi:10.1007/s13280-011-0237-2
- 1.1k Downloads
The EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) demonstrated the ability to design and launch a large-scale trading system in a short period of time. The path from initial reticence about emissions trading to implementation of the world’s largest program is an important history. Three issues play a large role in the evaluation of the program to date and its on-going development: allocation plans, cost uncertainty, and leakage of emissions to abroad. Decisions in Phase I and II (2005–2012) were responsive to questions of political feasibility and implementation, but some of these decisions including allocation in particular will be substantially revised in Phase III (2013–2020).