The Evolution of Environmental Management Philosophy Under Rapid Economic Development in China
The International Energy Agency (IEA 2010) recently reported that China consumed 2.25 × 109 tons of oil equivalents in 2009, i.e., China had become the world’s largest energy consumer. Subsequently, the National Energy Bureau of China stated that the IEA report was inaccurate (Gai 2010). This debate reminds us the two important conferences held in the end of 2009. At the first conference (the Climate Change Conference of United Nations), the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2009) stated that global climate changes might be more severe than predicted. Although there is disagreement about the IPCC report (Fölster and Nyström 2010), most scientists believe that climate change is a real and severe challenge and that controlling greenhouse gas emission is the most effective way to reduce global warming (Tollefson 2010).
The goal of the second conference (The 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference) was to develop a new emissions-reduction timetable. The representative...
KeywordsChinese Government Reduce Energy Consumption International Energy Agency Environmental Strategy Rapid Economic Development
This research was supported by the Key Supporting Project of Ministry of Science and Technology of P.R. China (2007BAC28B04, 2008BAJ10B03-5) and the Guangdong Sci-Tech Planning Project (07118249). Although the research described in this article has been funded in part by the above-mentioned agencies, it has not been subjected to the Agencies’ required peer and policy review and, therefore, does not necessarily reflect the views of the agencies and no official endorsement should be inferred. We thank Prof Bruce Jaffee for polishing the English.
- Ding, Z.L., X.N. Duan, Q.S. Ge, and Z.Q. Zhang. 2009. Evaluation on the international greenhouse gases emission projects and Discussions on the long-term emission rights of China. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences 39: 1659–1671.Google Scholar
- Gai, X.F. 2010. USA is still the biggest energy consumption country. Science Times News, July 22.Google Scholar
- Hu, J.T. 2007. Hold high the great banner of socialism with chinese characteristics and strive for new victories in building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, 57. Beijing: People’s Publishing House. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Kang, Q. 2008. The thought on environmental management of chinese communist party since 1990s, 270. Beijing: Chinese Yanshi Press. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Information Office of State Council. 2006. Environmental protection in China (1996–2005). Beijing: Information Office of State Council. (A white paper—in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). 2009. In UNFCCC climate change conference—COP 15, Copenhagen, Denmark, 7–18 December 2009. (http://www.ipcc.ch/press_information).
- International Energy Agency. World Energy Outlook 2010. (http://www.iea.org).
- Lu, Q.Z., and X.J. Chen. 2009. China’s economy and social development had received remarkable achievements in the past 50 years. China National Conditions and Strength 9: 28–29. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Li, S.L. 2004. The idea of environmental management in China must adapt to the market economic system. City Management and Science & Technology 6: 139–143. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- National Bureau of Statistics. 2008. Statistic data of economic and social development in China between the year 1978 and 2007. Review of Economic Research 51: 1–10. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Ren, H., Q. Liu, and L.H. Li. 2008. Introduction of restoration ecology, 278. Beijing: Science Press. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Ren, H., H. Lu, J. Wang, N. Liu, and Q. Guo. 2010. Forest restoration in China: Advances, obstacles, and perspectives. Functional Ecosystems and Communities (online).Google Scholar
- Shang, Y. 2009. The green wave. Xinhua Digest 438: 120–126. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Task Force on Environmental Governance. 2006. Environmental governance in China. In 5th Annual general meeting of China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Wu, J., and Z. Wang. 2009. Global emission reduction: Scheme analysis and key issues. Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences 24: 475–485. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Xu, Z.C., J.N. Wang, X.C. Peng, and M. Guo. 2009. Strategic innovation of environmental management in China. Ecology and Environmental Sciences 18: 1189–1193. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Xue, H.F. 2008. Problems of resource and environment in China in the view of global vision. Environmental Economy 4: 41–44. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Yang, C.H. 2001. A historic breakthrough of eco-environmental management thought. Environmental Protection 4: 5–8. (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Ye, W.H., and J.B. Wan. 2008. On co-evolution of environmental management thought and environmental science. Chinese Population, Resource and Environment 18: 6–10. (in Chinese). Google Scholar
- Yu, G.R., and C.R. Li. 2009. Terrestrial ecosystems management in China will be important in carbon sequestration. Science Times News, Beijing, 12.21.Google Scholar
- Zhang, P., and X.J. Zhang. 2005. Factors influencing social development in China. Outlook 19: 34–36. (in Chinese).Google Scholar