Land Consolidation: An Approach for Sustainable Development in Rural China
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Since China initiated economic reforms and an open-door policy in 1978, rural China has made remarkable achievements during the past three decades. The GDP of rural China increased from 2.8 trillion yuan (1 U.S. dollar = 6.7 yuan) in 1996 to 8.8 trillion yuan in 2008, with the annual growth rate at around 10%, and the average annual income per capita in rural China reached 4,761 yuan in 2008, with the growth rate of 8%. However, there are still many biophysical, socio-economic, and political problems or constraints that need to be solved or taken into account for sustainable development in rural China. Among them, rural land issue has always been a concern of the Chinese government and people (Long et al. 2010).
Rural China Land-Use Issues
A shortage of cultivated land resources is the most significant challenge facing rural China’s development and the drastic loss of valuable cultivated land has caught the attention of the central government (Lin and Ho 2003). Concomitant to the...
KeywordsTotal Factor Productivity Rural Settlement Construction Land Land Quality Land Consolidation
This research was supported by the National Natural Sciences Foundation of China (NO: 40901183).
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