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AMBIO

, Volume 39, Issue 8, pp 580–584 | Cite as

Cerrado Conservation is Essential to Protect the Amazon Rainforest

  • Ana Cláudia Mendes Malhado
  • Gabrielle Ferreira Pires
  • Marcos Heil Costa
Synopsis

Introduction

Despite widespread deforestation the forests of Amazonia still cover more than 5 million km2 and may host up to a quarter of the world’s terrestrial species (Dirzo and Raven 2003)—many of which are still undocumented. Conservation of these forests is important, not just for the biodiversity they contain, but also for the vital ecosystem services they provide. Historically, the greatest threat to Amazonia has been conversion to agriculture, initially through small-scale farming and, more recently, also through well-capitalized organizations producing agricultural and forestry products for global markets (Rudel et al. 2009). The attention of scientists and conservationists has recently shifted toward another factor that could radically alter the distribution, ecology, and value of the forest—climate change.

Climatologists predict that changes in atmospheric composition in the twenty-first century will cause Amazonia to experience an increase in temperatures of around 3°C and...

Keywords

Amazon Rainforest Seasonal Forest Climate Space Climate Threshold Lowland Tropical Rainforest 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and CNPq. Thanks to Dr Richard Ladle and Dr Mike Coe for insightful comments.

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana Cláudia Mendes Malhado
    • 1
  • Gabrielle Ferreira Pires
    • 1
  • Marcos Heil Costa
    • 1
  1. 1.Federal University of Viçosa (UFV)ViçosaBrazil

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