, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 332–334 | Cite as

Consequent Effects of Parasitism on Population Dynamics, Food Webs, and Human Health Under Climate Change

  • Hideyuki Doi
  • Natalia I. Yurlova

Climate change has undoubtedly begun, and the effects have occurred in various ecological and biological systems (IPCC 2007). Numerous studies have concurrently documented changes in species distributions, population dynamics, intra- and inter-specific interactions, and community structure of free-living organisms caused by climate change (e.g., Walther et al. 2002; Parmesan and Yohe 2003; Winder and Schindler 2004; Doi 2008). However, the discussions and predictions about parasitism under climate change are still very limited. Host–parasite interactions are an important component of community and food-web structure, and have been the focus of many recent ecological studies (e.g., Lafferty et al. 2008). Also, parasites induce disease of organisms including human (Patz et al. 2008; Pascual and Bouma 2009). Thus, the importance of parasitism to ecological processes and human health would be well known, but only few review papers predicted potential links between parasitism and global...


Climate Change Malaria Climate Suitability Parasite Interaction Vector Interaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study was partly supported by Russian Found Basic Research (RFBR, No. 09-04-92104, 10-04-01293), and JSPS to H. Doi.


  1. Barnard, C.J., and J.M. Behnke. 1990. Parasitism and host behavior. London, U.K.: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
  2. Brooks, D.R., and E.P. Hoberg. 2007. How will global climate change affect parasite–host assemblages? Trends in Parasitology 23: 571–574.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dobson, A.P. 2009. Climate variability, global change, immunity, and the dynamics of infectious diseases. Ecology 90: 920–927.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dobson, A.P., K.D. Lafferty, A.M. Kuris, R.F. Hechinger, and W. Jetz. 2008. Homage to Linnaeus: How many parasites? How many hosts? Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 105: 11482–11489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Doi, H. 2008. Delayed phenological timing of dragonfly emergence in Japan over five decades. Biology Letters 4: 388–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Doi, H., O. Gordo, and I. Katano. 2008. Heterogeneous intra-annual climatic changes drive different phenological responses in two trophic levels. Climate Research 36: 181–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hechinger, R.F., and K.D. Lafferty. 2005. Host diversity begets parasite diversity: Bird final hosts and trematodes in snail intermediate hosts. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 272: 1059–1066.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. IPCC. 2007. Climate change 2007: Impacts, adaptations, and vulnerability. In Contribution of working group II to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. New York: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Lafferty, K.D., S. Allesina, M. Arim, C.J. Briggs, G. DeLeo, A.P. Dobson, J.A. Dunne, P.T.J. Johnson, et al. 2008. Parasites in food webs: the ultimate missing links. Ecology Letters 11: 533–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Lafferty, K.D. 2009. The ecology of climate change and infectious diseases. Ecology 90: 888–900.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Miura, O., A.M. Kuris, M.E. Torchin, R.F. Hechinger, and S. Chiba. 2006. Parasites alter host phenotype and may create a new ecological niche for snail hosts. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 273: 1323–1328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Mouritsen, K.N., and R. Poulin. 2002. Parasitism, climate oscillations and the structure of natural communities. Oikos 97: 462–468.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ostfeld, R.S. 2009. Climate change and the distribution and intensity of infectious diseases. Ecology 90: 903–905.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Pascual, M., and M.J. Bouma. 2009. Do rising temperatures matter? Ecology 90: 906–912.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Patz, J., D. Campbell-Lendrum, H. Gibbs, and R. Woodruff. 2008. Health impact assessment of global climate change: Expanding on comparative risk assessment approaches for policy making. Annual Review of Public Health 29: 27–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Parmesan, C., and G. Yohe. 2003. A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature 421: 37–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sukhdeo, M.V.K. 2010. Food webs for parasitologists: A review. Journal of Parasitology 96: 273–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Thomas, C.D., A. Cameron, R.E. Green, M. Bakkenes, L.J. Beaumont, Y.C. Collingham, B.F.N. Erasmus, M. Ferreira de Siqueira, et al. 2004. Extinction risk from climate change. Nature 427: 145–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Walther, G.R., E. Post, P. Convey, A. Menzel, C. Parmesan, T.J.C. Beebee, J.M. Fromentin, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, et al. 2002. Ecological responses to recent climate change. Nature 416: 389–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Winder, M., and D.E. Schindler. 2004. Climate change uncouples trophic interactions in an aquatic ecosystem. Ecology 85: 2100–2106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Yurlova, N.I., S.N. Vodyanitskaya, and V.V. Glupov. 2000. Host–parasite interaction in snail-trematoda systems. Uspehi sovremennoi biologii 120: 573–580. (in Russian with English abstract).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the Marine EnvironmentCarl-von-Ossietzky University OldenburgWilhelmshavenGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Systematic and Ecology of AnimalsSiberian Branch of Russian Academy SciencesNovosibirskRussia

Personalised recommendations