Consequent Effects of Parasitism on Population Dynamics, Food Webs, and Human Health Under Climate Change
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Climate change has undoubtedly begun, and the effects have occurred in various ecological and biological systems (IPCC 2007). Numerous studies have concurrently documented changes in species distributions, population dynamics, intra- and inter-specific interactions, and community structure of free-living organisms caused by climate change (e.g., Walther et al. 2002; Parmesan and Yohe 2003; Winder and Schindler 2004; Doi 2008). However, the discussions and predictions about parasitism under climate change are still very limited. Host–parasite interactions are an important component of community and food-web structure, and have been the focus of many recent ecological studies (e.g., Lafferty et al. 2008). Also, parasites induce disease of organisms including human (Patz et al. 2008; Pascual and Bouma 2009). Thus, the importance of parasitism to ecological processes and human health would be well known, but only few review papers predicted potential links between parasitism and global...
KeywordsClimate Change Malaria Climate Suitability Parasite Interaction Vector Interaction
This study was partly supported by Russian Found Basic Research (RFBR, No. 09-04-92104, 10-04-01293), and JSPS to H. Doi.
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