Effects of Pipeline Construction on Wetland Ecosystems: Russia–China Oil Pipeline Project (Mohe-Daqing Section)
- 462 Downloads
Although the multiple roles of wetland ecosystems and their value to humanity have been increasingly understood and documented in recent years (Getzner 2002; Hoehn et al. 2003), the efforts to conserve and restore wetlands are not in harmony with the press for high speed of economy growth. The degradation of wetlands is proceeding, especially in China (Cyranoski 2009). Russia–China Oil Pipeline Project (Mohe-Daqing Section) has already begun in May, 2009, and is ongoing. The pipeline runs through four riverine wetlands and two marshlands of Heilongjiang Province, Northeast China. Although the project has vital significance of mitigating the energy crisis as well as guaranteeing the energy security of China, it will bring a series of ecological and environmental problems, especially for wetland ecosystems.
KeywordsWetland Area Wetland Ecosystem Groundwater Depth Riverine Wetland Trench Area
We gratefully acknowledge Wu Hai-tao for material collection. The study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40871089; 40830535), the Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. KZCX2-YW-309), and the Discovery Research Project of Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. KZCX3-SW-NA3-02) in material collection and site investigation.
- Chen, Q.L. 2007. Engineering geological research on the permafrost in high latitude area and its impact on pipeline construction. PhD Thesis, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, China, 39 pp (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Jin, H.J., S.P. Yu, D.X. Guo, L.Z. Lu, and Y.W. Li. 2006. Degradation of permafrost in the Da and Xiao Hinggan Mountains, Northeast China, and preliminary assessment of its trend. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology 28: 467–476.Google Scholar
- Pan, H.S., G.H. Zhang, N.P. Xu, and S.H. Zu. 2004. Impacts of climatic warming on agricultural and ecological environments and mitigation measures for crop structures. Journal of Hydrology 31: 6–9 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- PetroChina Planning & Engineering Institute. 2007. Research on Feasibility for the Engineering Project of the China–Russia Crude Oil Pipeline at Mo’he-Daqing Segment. PetroChina Planning & Engineering Institute, 20–41 (in Chinese).Google Scholar
- Sun, G.Y., H.J. Jin, and S.P. Yu. 2008. The symbiosis models of marshes and permafrost—A case study in Daxing’an and Xiaoxing’an Mountain Range. Wetlands Science 6: 479–485 (in Chinese).Google Scholar