, Volume 39, Issue 5–6, pp 443–446 | Cite as

China’s Largest Scale Ecological Migration in the Three-River Headwater Region

  • Zongming Wang
  • Kaishan Song
  • Liangjun Hu


Over the past three decades, China’s economic growth has been the fastest among major nations. However, its environmental degradation has also accelerated (Liu and Diamond 2008). To mitigate the degraded environment, China has been implementing large-scale conservation programs, including the Key Shelterbelt Construction Program, Beijing-Tianjin Sandstorm Control Program, Wildlife Conservation and Nature Reserve Development Program (Ouyang 2007), Forest Eco-Compensation Program (Ministry of Finance of China and State Forestry Administration of China 2007), the Natural Forest Conservation Program, and the Grain to Green Program (Zhang et al. 1999; Xu et al. 2006; Liu et al. 2008).

The Three-River Headwater (TRH, Sanjiangyuan, Fig.  1) region is located in the core of the Tibet Plateau, China, and covers 363,000 km 2with the average altitude of 4,200 m. It is the world’s highest altitude region with the richest biodiversity, and contains China’s highest elevation and largest...


Ecological Migration Alpine Cold Meadow Endowment Insurance Tibet Railway Forest Conservation Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study is supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2009CB421103) and the Knowledge Innovation Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (KZCX2-YW-341).


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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Northeast Institute of Geography and Agro-EcologyChinese Academy of SciencesChangchunChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Vegetation Ecology, Chinese Ministry of EducationNortheast Normal UniversityChangchunChina

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