Shengtai Anquan: Managing Tourism and Environment in China’s Forest Parks
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Protected area management agencies worldwide face a continuing dilemma over the role of tourism and recreation (Buckley 2009; Schmitt et al. 2009). Most parks face external threats from invasive species, illegal use, fire, and pollution. Parks agencies need funds to manage these threats, and governments require them to raise part of their revenue from visitors, who also create impacts. Parks agencies, therefore, balance internal threats from increased recreation, against its role in contributing funds and political capital to counter external threats. Recreation can include commercial tourism operations, and in some public lands this may include large-scale fixed-site facilities, such as ski resorts on US Forests Service land (Buckley 2009a, b).
In recent years, large-scale tourism operations have been developed in many public Forest Parks in China. The political and demographic pressures for this, the environmental impacts it produces, and the approaches used to manage it, have some...
KeywordsTourism Development Ecological Security Forest Park Tourism Operation Protect Area Management
This article was written while WCH was a Visiting Fellow at ICER, funded by the China Scholarship Council. RB’s visit to China in 2009 was funded by the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
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