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AMBIO

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 81–84 | Cite as

Challenges to Adaptation in Northernmost Europe as a Result of Global Climate Change

  • Christer Nilsson
  • Roland Jansson
  • E. Carina H. Keskitalo
  • Tatiana Vlassova
  • Marja-Liisa Sutinen
  • Jon Moen
  • F. Stuart ChapinIII
Synopsis

Global warming will continue, and the Arctic is expected to warm at twice the global average rate (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2007). The most pronounced changes will occur during winter with increased precipitation, more precipitation falling as rain, and a shorter snow period (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2007; Roderfeld et al. 2008). These changes will have far-reaching consequences for ecosystems and for the people dependent on their services and may serve as an indicator of environmental change and an “early warning system” for other parts of the world (Arctic Climate Impact Assessment, Symon et al. 2005). We assessed the likely changes in the provision of goods and services from natural and seminatural ecosystems (i.e., excluding urban, industrial, and agricultural land) in the Barents region—the northern parts of Norway, Sweden, and Finland, and northwestern Russia—as a consequence of anticipated climate changes during the twenty-first century. This...

Keywords

Adaptive Capacity Provision Ecosystem Service Barents Region Reindeer Husbandry Environmental Management Strategy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This project was funded by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

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Copyright information

© Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christer Nilsson
    • 1
  • Roland Jansson
    • 1
  • E. Carina H. Keskitalo
    • 2
  • Tatiana Vlassova
    • 3
  • Marja-Liisa Sutinen
    • 4
  • Jon Moen
    • 5
  • F. Stuart ChapinIII
    • 6
  1. 1.Landscape Ecology Group, Department of Ecology and Environmental ScienceUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden
  2. 2.Department of Social and Economic GeographyUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden
  3. 3.Institute of GeographyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  4. 4.The Finnish Forest Research Institute, RovaniemiRovaniemiFinland
  5. 5.Department of Ecology and Environmental ScienceUmeå UniversityUmeåSweden
  6. 6.Institute of Arctic BiologyUniversity of AlaskaFairbanksUSA

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