Tumor Biology

, Volume 37, Issue 11, pp 14451–14461 | Cite as

Dysregulation of TTP and HuR plays an important role in cancers

  • Hao Wang
  • Nannan Ding
  • Jian Guo
  • Jiazeng Xia
  • Yulan Ruan


Defects in the adenosine-uridine (AU)-rich elements (AREs), which mediate post-transcriptional regulation, play important roles in cancers. Both tristetraprolin (TTP, also known as TIS11 and ZFP36) and human antigen R (HuR, also known as ELAVL1) are two important and closely related AU-rich RNA-binding proteins (ARE-BPs). High-expression or aberrant nuclear/cytoplasmic distribution of HuR and decreased TTP have been found in many types of cancers. TTP mediates the decay of target mRNAs, whereas HuR generally stabilizes target transcripts and promotes translation of certain mRNAs. Furthermore, thousands of overlapping binding sites of TTP and HuR were found in more than 1300 genes. RNA-IP experiments also indicated that TTP can bind directly to and destabilize HuR mRNA. The dysregulation of TTP and HuR has been found to play an important role in the progression of cancers, including inflammation-related cancer, as well as in proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, metastasis, invasion, and chemotherapy resistance. In this review, we provided an overview of the role of TTP and HuR, as well as the underlying mechanisms of the TTP-HuR axis in cancers.


Tristetraprolin ZFP36 ELAVL1 HuR Cancer Proliferation Metastasis Angiogenesis 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest



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Copyright information

© International Society of Oncology and BioMarkers (ISOBM) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of General Surgery and Translational Medicine CenterNanjing Medical University Affiliated Wuxi Second HospitalWuxiChina
  2. 2.Department of ophthalmology and Translational Medicine CenterNanjing Medical University Affiliated Wuxi Second HospitalWuxiChina
  3. 3.Department of gynecology and Translational Medicine CenterNanjing Medical University Affiliated Wuxi Second HospitalWuxiChina

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