Manganese-superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) overexpression is a common event in colorectal cancers with mitochondrial microsatellite instability
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Mitochondrial displacement loop (D-loop) is a hot spot for mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) alterations that effects cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Manganese-superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) is a major antioxidant enzyme that protects cells from ROS-mediated damage. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between sequence alterations of mitochondrial D-loop and Mn-SOD expression in colorectal cancer (CRC). Genotyping of entire mitochondrial D-loop (1124 bp) was carried out on mtDNA of analogous tumor and normal tissues from 35 CRC patients of south Indian origin by PCR-sequencing analysis. Tumor-specific large-scale mtDNA deletions and Mn-SOD expression was analyzed by PCR and Western blot analysis, respectively. We identified 87 polymorphisms in the D-loop region of tumor and/or control tissues. Polymorphisms were predominantly located in hypervariable region I (67.9 %) than in II (32.1 %) of D-loop. Significantly increased mtDNA microsatellite instability (mtMSI) [310‘C’ insertion (P = 0.00001) and T16189C (P = 0.0007)] and elevated Mn-SOD expression was observed in tumor tissues compared with controls. Interestingly, mtMSI was significantly high in tumors with Mn-SOD overexpression. Tumor-specific large-scale mtDNA deletions were not observed in CRC tissues. In conclusion, mtMSI and Mn-SOD overexpression are a common event in CRC. The analysis of mtMSI and/or Mn-SOD expression might help to identify patients at high risk for disease outcome, thereby helping to refine therapeutic decisions in CRC.
KeywordsColorectal cancer Mitochondria D-loop Mn-SOD Polymorphism
We deeply thank all the medical staff and study subjects involved in this study. Dr. Suresh Govatati acknowledges the financial support from the University Grants Commission, New Delhi, under its Dr. D.S. Kothari postdoctoral scheme [No.F.4-2/2006 (BSR)/13-1014/2013 (BSR)].
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