Circulating miR-205: a promising biomarker for the detection and prognosis evaluation of bladder cancer
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MicroRNA (miRNA) expression profile analysis indicated that miR-205 was upregulated in bladder cancer tissue compared to healthy tissue. The aim of this study is to analyze value of circulating miR-205 for the detection and prognosis evaluation of bladder cancer (BC). Eighty-nine patients with BC and 56 healthy controls (HC) were enrolled in the study. miR-205 expression was determined using TaqMan quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay and further correlated with patients’ clinicopathological parameters and follow-up data. The results indicated that plasma miR-205 was upregulated in BC compared with HC (P < 0.001) and in muscle invasive BC (MIBC) compared to nonmuscle invasive BC (NMIBC) (P = 0.016). miR-205 yielded an area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve of 0.950 with 76.4 % sensitivity and 96.4 % specificity in discriminating BC from HC, and 0.668 with 57.1 % sensitivity and 77.0 % specificity in distinguishing MIBC from NMIBC. Plasma miR-205 expression was significantly associated with tumor stage (P < 0.001) and pathological grade (P = 0.048). The results indicated that BC patients with high miR-205 expression experienced shorter disease-free survival and disease-specific survival (P = 0.022 and P = 0.026; P = 0.027 and P = 0.034; respectively), which was not proven by multivariate Cox regression analysis (multi-Cox) (P = 0.0765 and P = 0.279, respectively). Log-rank test showed that NMIBC patients with high miR-205 expression experienced shorter cancer-free survival (P = 0.044). Log-rank test and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses did not indicate that high miR-205 expression in NMIBC patients was associated with cancer-specific survival (P = 0.079, P = 0.089, and P = 0.201, respectively). In conclusion, miR-205 may be a promising biomarker for the detection and prognosis evaluation of BC.
KeywordsHumans miR-205 Bladder cancer Biomarker Survival analysis
This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81200500) and Natural Science Foundation Project of CQ CSTC (No. CSTC, 2009BB5154).
Conflict of interest
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